Many heat-related illnesses are possible, ranging from muscular twitches to fainting to exertional heatstroke (EHS).
If the decision has been made to remove the athlete’s equipment, the helmet and shoulder pads should be considered a unit and both be removed.
The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is the only place on the body where the upper arm attaches via bony articulation to the axial skeleton.
Subdural hematomas are the leading cause of sports-related fatalities and are frequently reported in football.
Food and beverages provide the body with energy in the form of calories. The body uses those calories to fuel body functions and physical activity.