Excerpts — ACSM's Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship
Considerable scientific evidence suggests that physical activity reduces the risk of several cancer types with the evidence classified as convincing or probable for colon, breast, and endometrial cancers; possible for prostate, ovarian, and lung cancers; and null or insufficient for other cancers.
An unhealthy diet could account for up to 30% of all cancers in developing countries and perhaps 35% of cancer deaths in the United States. Hence, along with tobacco use, diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for cancer.
Resistance exercise training has been effective in improving muscular strength and endurance in cancer survivors, with the majority of research being in those with breast cancer, prostate cancer, and head and neck cancer.
The elements of fitness include agility, speed, coordination, flexibility, strength, and endurance.
Because fruits and vegetables are loaded with both fiber and water, they enhance satiety, are low in calories, and may promote healthy weight management.