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Excerpts — ACSM's Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship

Effect of exercise on the risk of several cancer types

Considerable scientific evidence suggests that physical activity reduces the risk of several cancer types with the evidence classified as convincing or probable for colon, breast, and endometrial cancers; possible for prostate, ovarian, and lung cancers; and null or insufficient for other cancers.

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Diet affects the risk of cancer

An unhealthy diet could account for up to 30% of all cancers in developing countries and perhaps 35% of cancer deaths in the United States. Hence, along with tobacco use, diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for cancer.

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Muscular strength and endurance in cancer survivors

Resistance exercise training has been effective in improving muscular strength and endurance in cancer survivors, with the majority of research being in those with breast cancer, prostate cancer, and head and neck cancer.

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Cancer treatments affect all elements of fitness

The elements of fitness include agility, speed, coordination, flexibility, strength, and endurance.

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Fruits and vegetables relation to cancer reduction

Because fruits and vegetables are loaded with both fiber and water, they enhance satiety, are low in calories, and may promote healthy weight management.

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