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Excerpts — Motor Learning and Control for Dance

Gamma Efferent System and Alignment

The gamma efferent system explains how a dancer can be much tighter in movement than while passively stretching, but this system also affects alignment.

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Vestibular System Interactions With Vision

The vestibular system’s effectiveness is heightened by ways in which it interacts with other senses, especially vision. One example is the vestibular ocular reflex (VOR), which stabilizes the eyes during head movement.

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Long-Term Memory

The long-term memory is responsible for permanently accumulating or storing information. In particular, it stores what can be recalled about how to do activities including motor skills, personal past events, and universal or general knowledge.

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Age-Appropriate Movement and Dance Training

Dance training can be more effective when teachers and dancers understand the landmarks in various stages of motor development and the age limits to multiple sensory inputs. Many phases in this process exist, but this section focuses on two distinct time lines, the early childhood years and the adolescent years.

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Issues in dance training

Knowledge of the sensory modalities gives dance educators and dancers a wealth of information about crafting dance training and practice. When teachers understand how motor control is strongly influenced by the extensive incoming sensory data, they can design and implement specific approaches to various skills.

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