Excerpts — Performance Nutrition
Several lines of scientific evidence provide the basis for timing nutrient ingestion.
The intake of fuel within 45 minutes of training can help optimize the recovery of energy stores, which is important for repairing muscle and maintaining a healthy immune system in athletes.
Ensuring that an athlete takes in adequate fuel and fluid during exercise in the heat is important to minimize injury and prevent premature fatigue.
Endurance sports cover a variety of events consisting of short-duration (under 2 hours) to multiday competitions and include sports such as running, triathlon, cycling, rowing, canoeing and kayaking, swimming, biathlon, and cross-country skiing.