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Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services

Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services


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    Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services presents cutting-edge guidance and helps students apply their newfound knowledge as they prepare to enter the rapidly changing leisure services field.

    This text presents fresh insights on leadership from the most prominent voices in the field today. The contributors present a comprehensive look at modern leadership, identify the challenges future leaders will face, and reveal how future leaders can best prepare to meet those challenges.

     Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services provides
      • a detailed look at the collaborative approach to leadership in leisure services that represents a new direction in the field;
      • insight into classical leadership as well as innovative and modern leadership theory and best practices; and
      • an understanding of the roles and functions students will fulfill as they enter the profession.
    The material, designed for undergraduate recreation and leisure services leadership courses, is presented in three parts. Part I explores personal leadership issues, including communication skills, negotiation strategies, and leadership styles. Part II delves into professional leadership, examining topics such as group dynamics, supervision practices, and team leadership. Part III explores organizational leadership, including internal and external leadership and professional development.

    The authors present new theories of leadership from research in the field of recreation and leisure. Several learning aids—including chapter-opening scenarios, key terms, glossary, references, and chapter-ending questions for reflection and discussion—appear throughout the text. In addition, each chapter features a Leisure Leaders sidebar that profiles a leader in the field who addresses preparation for the job, a peek at day-to-day work, and advice for aspiring leaders. And a Best Practices sidebar showcases an organization whose innovative leadership has led to positive organizational outcomes.

    Leadership in Recreation and Leisure Services helps students understand the range of leadership skills they need to develop for successful careers.


    Text for upper-level university recreation and leisure students. Reference for current and future professionals.

    Table of Contents


    Part I Personal Leadership

    Chapter 1 Introduction to 21st-Century Leadership in Leisure Services
    Tim O’Connell
    What Is Leadership?
    Recreation and Leisure Services Leaders in the 21st Century
    Setting the Stage for Leading in 21st-Century Recreation and Leisure Services

    Chapter 2 Self-Leadership
    Brent Cuthbertson
    Toward a Definition of Leadership
    Understanding Your Self
    Values, Beliefs, and Emotional Intelligence

    Chapter 3 Interpersonal Communication Skills
    Terilyn Goins
    The Nature of Interpersonal Communication
    Listening and the Perception Process
    Communication Competence and Leadership
    Task- Versus Relations-Oriented Leadership
    Traditional Face-to-Face Versus E-Leadership
    Interpersonal Leadership Model

    Chapter 4 Facilitating Group Experiences
    Brent Wolfe
    Foundational Definitions
    Roles of a Facilitator
    Facilitation Techniques

    Chapter 5 Leadership, Diversity, and Inclusion
    Lynn Anderson
    Diversity Defined
    Variations: A New Way of Thinking
    Inclusive Leadership
    Professional Development for Inclusive Leaders
    The New Norm
    Best Practices in Inclusive Leadership

    Chapter 6 Leadership Styles and Ethics
    Mary Breunig
    Leadership Theories
    Values and Ethics
    Decision Making

    Part II Leading as a Professional in Leisure Services

    Chapter 7 Understanding Group Dynamics
    Tim O’Connell and Michael Van Bussel
    Groups Defined
    History of Groups
    Group Development
    Group Size
    Environmental Factors
    Leadership Theory and Working With Groups
    Common Issues With Groups

    Chapter 8 Direct Leadership in Recreation, Leisure, Hospitality, and Tourism
    Michael Van Bussel
    Preferences in Leadership Behavior
    Dimensions of Leader Behavior
    Multidimensional Model of Leadership
    Tools for Direct Leadership: Setting Goals and Objectives

    Chapter 9 Supervising Staff and Volunteers
    Marilynn R. Glasser
    Defining Supervision
    Supervisors’ Responsibilities
    Supervising Volunteers
    How to Be a Top-Notch Parks and Recreation Supervisor

    Chapter 10 Team Development and Team Leadership
    Greg Robinson
    Understanding Team Development
    Teamwork in the 21st Century
    Team Learning Dynamics
    Team Formation
    Individual Factors for Team Success
    Team and Individual Leadership
    Team Delivery Programs
    Successful and Unsuccessful Team Development

    Chapter 11 Risk Management in Leadership
    Robert Kauffman
    Negligence Considerations
    Designing the Experience
    2\x\2 Risk Matrix: Perceived Versus Actual Risks
    Adventure Experience Paradigm
    Accident Causation and Safety Management

    Part III Organizational Leadership

    Chapter 12 Internal Organizational Leadership and Professional Development
    Amy Hurd
    Succession Planning
    Step 1: Understand Agency Development Needs
    Step 2: Assess Job Demands, Competencies, and Bench Strength
    Step 3: Build the Talent Pool

    Chapter 13 External Community and Organizational Leadership
    Dale Larsen
    External Community Leaders
    External Organizational Leadership

    Chapter 14 Leading in the Profession
    Jane H. Adams and Elaine Schilling
    Macro Trends Affecting Parks and Recreation
    Competencies for the 21st-Century Parks and Recreation Leader
    About the Editors
    About the Contributors

    About the Author & Editor

    Timothy S. O’Connell, PhD, is a professor of recreation and leisure studies at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario. He has taught group dynamics since 1997 and has been a wilderness guide since 1991. A member of the National Recreation and Parks Association, the Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, the Association for Experiential Education, and the Council of Outdoor Educators of Ontario, O’Connell has developed outdoor recreation curricula and coedited the Journal of Experiential Education. He has received many awards for his teaching. An avid outdoor recreationist, O’Connell enjoys rock climbing, sea kayaking, and home brewing in his spare time.

    Brent Cuthbertson, PhD, is an associate professor of outdoor recreation, parks, and tourism at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario. He has been a wilderness educator and guide for more than 25 years and coeditor of the Journal of Experiential Education. He has written book chapters, papers in refereed journals, and a variety of other refereed and nonrefereed contributions. Cuthbertson has received awards for his teaching excellence. In his leisure time he enjoys wilderness canoeing, sea kayaking, woodworking, and sailing.

    Terilyn J. Goins, PhD, is a career management and independent consultant is Yorktown, Virginia. She worked for 19 years for Christopher Newport University as a professor of communication studies and leadership studies. She also served for four years as chair of the communication studies department at the university. Goins received the National Speaker’s Association Outstanding Professor Award, was voted Professor of the Year at Christopher Newport University by the student body, and has published numerous articles for trade and academic journals related to personal and professional growth and development.