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Women and Sport

Women and Sport


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    Women and Sport: Continuing a Journey of Liberation and Celebration focuses on women winning access to the playing field as well as the front office in sport. Readers will gain an understanding of how women have been involved in sport and physical activity, how they have struggled for widespread recognition and legitimacy in the eyes of many, and how they continue to carve out their role in shaping sport as we know it today and as it will be in the future.

    Edited by renowned expert Ellen J. Staurowsky, widely accepted as an authority on college athlete rights and Title IX and gender equity, Women and Sport facilitates interdisciplinary, research-based discussion by providing a detailed account of contributions from women in sport. The text features a foreword by sport executive Donna Orender and 15 chapters—written by leading authorities in women and gender studies in sport—that are grouped into four parts:
    • Women’s Sport in Context: Connecting Past and Present reminds readers of the historical events and influences that shape today’s landscape.
    • Strong Girls, Strong Women recognizes gender differences and what it means to create equitable access to sport opportunities.
    • Women, Sport, and Social Location explores how various characteristics and qualities may affect sport participation and opportunities.
    • Women in the Sport Industry offers a rare and contemporary approach to examining women in sport leadership, management, and media.
    Women and Sport was developed with the intent of filling a need by serving as a primary textbook and separates itself from other titles by providing an abundance of instructor ancillary materials that assist in class preparations. Pedagogical aids such as objectives, glossary terms, discussion questions, and learning activities in each chapter facilitate student understanding of the material covered. Sidebars throughout the text enable the contributors to provide thought-provoking content on topics such as media coverage of female athletes, how female athletes are used in marketing campaigns, and whether athletic competitions should continue to be segregated by sex. Readers will discover the impact of these topics in many areas of society, from biomedical to psychosocial and historical.

    Through its engaging content, Women and Sport: Continuing a Journey of Liberation and Celebration serves as a launching pad for discussions that will shape society’s ongoing conversation about what it means to be a female athlete or a woman working in sport. It is an ideal textbook for adoption in interdisciplinary courses that focus on women and gender studies in sport.


    Textbook for undergraduate students in women and sport or gender and sport courses; supplemental text for courses in the disciplines of sport administration, sport history, sport management, sport sociology, sport studies, women’s studies, and kinesiology. Reference for professionals and scholars interested in researching interdisciplinary issues concerning women and gender in sport.

    Table of Contents

    Donna Orender

    Introduction: Becoming a Female Athlete
    Dayna Daniels, PhD
    Part I Women’s Sport in Context: Connecting Past and Present
    Chapter 1. Women’s Sport Through the Lens of History
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    Women’s Education in the Late 1800s
    Female Complaints and the Suspect Science of Female Weakness
    Women’s Physical Education and the Fair but Weaker Sex
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 2. Title IX and Beyond: The Impact of the Civil Rights and Women’s Movements on Women’s Sport
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    The Story Behind Title IX
    A Brief Overview of Title IX’s Legislative History
    Growth in Athletic Programs Since Title IX
    What Every Citizen Should Know About Title IX
    The Future of Title IX
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 3. Women’s Sport in the 21st Century
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    Sport Involvement for Women and Girls: Changes in Baseline Data
    The Concept of the Female Athlete Paradox
    Paradox of the Female Athlete Warrior
    Paradox of the Strong Female Athlete Who Feels the Need to Apologize for Being Strong
    Paradox of Femininity and Muscularity
    Transcending the Paradox: The Female Athlete Who Is Unapologetic
    Separate But Equal: Does It Remove or Reinforce the Paradoxes That Affect Female Athletes?
    Learning Aids
    Part II Strong Girls, Strong Women
    Chapter 4. Benefits and Risks of Sport Participation by Women and Girls
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    Educational Attainment and Sport Participation
    Physical Health Benefits of Female Sport Participation
    Female Athletes, Mental Toughness, and Depression
    Female Athletes and Substance Use and Abuse
    Sexual Risk Prevention and the Female Athlete
    Female Athlete Triad: Disordered Eating, Amenorrhea, and Bone Health
    Female Athletes and Injuries
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 5. Physiology and the Female Athlete: Is Biology Destiny?
    Katie Sell, PhD, and Sharon Phillips, PhD
    Prepubescent Training Differences in Boys and Girls
    Differences in Pubescent Fitness Development for Boys and Girls
    Impact of Early Maturation on Athletic Performance
    Menstruation and Athletic Performance
    Post-Pubertal Physiological Differences and Performance Variability
    Training Implications for Female Athletes
    Physiological Differences and Injury Risk
    Women, the Media, and Perception
    Learning Aids
    Part III Women, Sport, and Social Location
    Chapter 6. Experiences of Female Athletes of Color
    Jacqueline McDowell, PhD, and Akilah Carter-Francique, PhD
    Living on the Margins: Women of Color
    Sporting Experiences of Women of Color in the United States
    Creating Positive Sporting Experiences for Women of Color
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 7. Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation: Inclusion and Prejudice in Sport
    Vikki Krane, PhD
    Transgender Youth Sport Participants
    Post-Pubescent and Adult Transgender Athletes
    Sexual Orientation and Women’s Sport
    Consequences of Heteronormativity, Homonegativism, and Transnegativism
    Accepting and Affirming Sport Climates
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 8. Women’s Sport and Aging
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    Women, Aging, and U.S. Sport Participation Trends 
    Culture, Aging, and the Older Woman
    Competitive Sport Opportunities for Older Women
    Benefits of Sports Participation for Older Women
    Successful Aging Through Continued Sport Participation
    Barriers to Older Women’s Sport Participation
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 9. Women With Disabilities in Sport
    Mary A. Hums, PhD
    History of Sport for People With Disabilities
    Participation of Female Athletes With Disabilities
    Legal System as an Access Tool
    Women as Leaders in Sport for People with Disabilities
    The Future for Girls and Women With Disabilities in Sport
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 10. Women, Sport, and Sexual Violence
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    Prevalence of the Sexual Victimization of Girls and Women in Sport
    The Blurring of Boundaries in Coach–Athlete Relationships
    Legal Avenues
    Education and Prevention Programs
    Learning Aids
    Part IV Women in the Sport Industry
    Chapter 11. Women, Media, and Sport
    Marie Hardin, PhD, and Dunja Antunovic, PhD
    History of Women in Sports Media
    Challenges for Women in Sports Media
    Parallels: Women Covering, Women Competing
    Female Athletes and the Media
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 12. Female Leaders in Corporate Sport
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD, and Maureen Smith, PhD
    Mapping Gender and the Sport Workplace
    Explanations for the Scarcity of Women Working in Corporate Sport
    Importance of Stories About Female Executives in Sport
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 13. Female Leaders in High School and College Sport Workplaces
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD
    Gendered Nature of High School and College Sport Workplace Settings
    Jobs for Women in School-Based Sport Settings
    Women’s Representation in High School and College Sport Workplaces
    Hiring, Retention, and Advancement of Women in School Sport Workplaces
    The Future For Women in High School and College Sport Workplaces
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 14. Merchandising and Marketing Women’s Sports
    Corinne Farneti, PhD
    Women as Consumers and Fans
    Merchandising and Sporting Goods Targeted to Female Consumers
    Approaches to Women’s Sport Marketing
    Efforts to Market Women’s Sport
    Sport Marketing Tactics
    Missed Opportunities to Market Women’s Sport
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 15. Influence of Religion and Politics on Women’s Sport
    Carole Oglesby, PhD
    Religion, Tradition, and Power Positions for Women in Sport Governance
    Transformation of Gender Politics in Sport
    Know the System
    Principles and Mission of the Olympic Movement
    Women’s Progressing Influence Outside and Inside Sport
    Learning Aids
    Epilogue: Glimpsing the Future for Girls and Women in Sport
    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD

    About the Editor
    About the Contributors

    About the Editor

    Ellen J. Staurowsky, EdD, is a professor in the department of sport management at Drexel University. She is renowned as an authority on the business of college athletics, college student-athlete rights, and Title IX and gender equity. Staurowsky has been featured in numerous national media outlets and served as an expert witness in the historic antitrust case O’Bannon v. NCAA. Staurowsky draws from more than 30 years of experience as both a practitioner and scholar, having served as a collegiate athletic director at multiple colleges as well as a coach at the collegiate level of field hockey, women’s lacrosse, and men’s soccer. Before her appointment at Drexel in 2011, she was a professor at Ithaca College, where she worked for nearly two decades. Staurowsky teaches courses in women and sport, gender issues in sport, legal foundations of Title IX, and sociology of sport. She is a member of the College Sport Research Institute advisory board, the Ursinus College Board of Trustees, and various professional organizations, having previously served as president of the National American Society for the Sociology of Sport. She is coauthor of College Athletes for Hire: The Evolution and Legacy of the NCAA Amateur Myth.


    All ancillaries are free to course adopters and available at

    Instructor guide. Includes a sample syllabus, discussion questions, and learning activities to assist in lecture preparation.

    Test package. Includes questions for each chapter in true-or-false, multiple-choice, essay, and short-answer formats.

    Presentation package. Includes PowerPoint slides that can be used in classroom lectures or printed to be distributed as handouts. Slides can be rearranged, edited, and incorporated into other presentations as well as searched for content based on key words.

    The presentation package is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4925-1810-5