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ACSM's Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship eBook

ACSM's Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship eBook


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    ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship presents the science behind the benefits of exercise for cancer survival and survivorship as well as the application of that science to the design or adaptation of exercise programs for cancer patients and survivors. Developed by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), this authoritative reference offers the most current information for health and fitness professionals working with survivors of many types of cancers.

    Dr. Melinda L. Irwin has assembled a team of the most respected experts in the field of exercise and cancer survivorship. With an emphasis on practical application, the text discusses the following:
    • Incidence and prevalence of the most common cancers
    • Common cancer treatments and side effects
    • Benefits of exercise after a diagnosis of cancer
    • Exercise testing, prescription, and programming
    • Nutrition and weight management
    • Counseling for health behavior change
    • Injury prevention
    • Program administration

    This guide presents evidence-based information to assist health, fitness, and medical professionals in using exercise to help cancer survivors with recovery, rehabilitation, and reducing the risk of recurrence. Throughout the text, readers will find quick-reference Take-Home Messages that highlight key information and how it can be applied in practice. Chapters also include reproducible forms and questionnaires to facilitate the implementation of an exercise program with a new client or patient, such as physician’s permission forms, medical and cancer treatment history forms, weekly logs of exercise and energy levels, medication listings, and nutrition and goal-setting questionnaires.

    In addition, ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship discusses all of the job task analysis points tested in the ACSM/ACS Certified Cancer Exercise Trainer (CET) exam, making this the most complete resource available for health and fitness professionals studying to attain CET certification. Each chapter begins with a list of the CET exam points discussed in that chapter. A complete listing is also included in the appendix. As both an essential preparation text for certification and a practical reference, ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship will increase health and fitness professionals’ knowledge of the benefits of exercise after a cancer diagnosis as well as the specifics of developing and adapting exercise programs to meet the unique needs of cancer survivors.

    Evidence has shown that physical activity has numerous health benefits for cancer patients and survivors. More clinicians and oncologists are recommending exercise as a strategy for reducing the side effects of treatment, speeding recovery, and improving overall quality of life. In turn, cancer survivors are seeking health and fitness professionals with knowledge and experience to help them learn how to exercise safely within their capabilities. With ACSM’s Guide to Exercise and Cancer Survivorship, health and fitness professionals can provide safe exercise programs to help cancer survivors improve their health, take proactive steps toward preventing recurrences, and enhance their quality of life.


    A reference for health and fitness professionals and medical personnel such as personal trainers, fitness specialists, and physical therapists working with cancer patients and cancer survivors; also a preparation text for the ACSM/ACS Certified Cancer Exercise Trainer (CET) exam.

    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents
    ACSM Reviewers

    Chapter 1. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer
    Larissa A. Korde, MD, MPH
    Cancer Incidence and Survival
    Cancer Biology
    Cancer Staging
    Cancer Screening and Diagnosis
    Cancer Recurrence Warning Signs

    Chapter 2. Side Effects and Persistent Effects of Cancer Surgery and Treatment
    Tara Sanft, MD, and Melinda L. Irwin, PhD, MPH
    Side Effects of Cancer Surgery and Treatment
    Recurrence, New Primaries, and Second Cancers

    Chapter 3. Lifestyle Factors Associated With Cancer Incidence, Recurrence, and Survival
    Heather K. Neilson, MSc, and Christine M. Friedenreich, PhD
    Effect of Body Weight
    Effect of Exercise
    Effect of Diet

    Chapter 4. Benefits of Physical Activity After a Cancer Diagnosis
    Kristin L. Campbell, BSc PT, PhD
    Physiological Effects of Exercise Training
    Psychological Benefits of Exercise Training
    Cancer-Specific Exercise Issues by Body System
    Effects of Cancer Medications or Treatments on Designing an Exercise Program

    Chapter 5. Cardiorespiratory Fitness Testing in Clients Diagnosed With Cancer
    Lee W. Jones, PhD, and Claudio Battaglini, PhD
    Administration of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Testing
    Exercise Testing Safety

    Chapter 6. Exercise Prescription and Programming Adaptations: Based on Surgery, Treatment, and Side Effects
    Kathryn Schmitz, PhD, MPH
    Health Promotion and Risk of Disease Reduction
    Exercise Prescription Alterations to Address Individual Needs
    Benefits and Risks of Exercise and Exercise Training
    Exercise Prescription Individualization
    Acute and Chronic Adverse Effects of Treatment
    Setting Goals
    Sample Exercise Prescriptions

    Chapter 7. Nutrition and Weight Management
    Stephanie Martch, MS, RD, LD, and Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, PhD, RD
    Diet in Cancer Prevention, Control, and Overall Health
    Weight Status and Body Composition
    Weight and Height Assessment
    Energy Consumption and Cancer
    Diet Composition and Nutrition Status
    Complementary Alternative Medicine and Functional Foods
    Dietary Supplements

    Chapter 8. Health Behavior Change Counseling
    Karen Basen-Engquist, PhD, MPH; Heidi Perkins, PhD; and Daniel C. Hughes, PhD
    Effect of Cancer on Readiness to Exercise
    Theory-Based Methods and Exercise
    Translating Theory Into Practice

    Chapter 9. Safety, Injury Prevention, and Emergency Procedures
    Anna L. Schwartz, PhD, FNP, FAAN
    Cancer-Specific Safety Considerations
    Emergency Procedures

    Chapter 10. Program Administration
    Carole M. Schneider, PhD
    Designing a Cancer Rehabilitation Program
    Cancer Rehabilitation Programs and Settings
    Program Description and Operations
    Policies and Procedures
    Legal Issues and Documentation
    Reimbursement Concerns
    Community-Based Support

    About the Editor

    About the Editor

    The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), founded in 1954, is the world’s largest sports medicine and exercise science organization with more than 45,000 national, regional, and international members and certified professionals in more than 90 countries. With professionals representing more than 70 occupations, ACSM offers a 360-degree view of sports medicine and exercise science. From academicians to students and from personal trainers to physicians, the association of sports medicine, exercise science, and health and fitness professionals is dedicated to helping people worldwide live longer, healthier lives through science, education, medicine, and policy.

    About the Editor

    Melinda L. Irwin, PhD, MPH, is an associate professor in the Yale School of Public Health and codirector of the cancer prevention and control research program at Yale Cancer Center. Dr. Irwin's research focuses on how exercise and weight influence cancer risk and survivorship. Dr. Irwin is the principal investigator of a number of research studies at Yale University and collaborates on various national projects and initiatives focused on exercise and cancer survivorship. She has received funding from the National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, Komen for the Cure, Lance Armstrong Foundation, and American Institute for Cancer Research and has published her research findings in top medical journals. Dr. Irwin also serves on various national advisory committees to develop consensus statements on physical activity, diet, weight control, and cancer prevention and control.


    "Concise chapters cover descriptions of cancer to understanding how it doesn't need to be a limiting factor in exercise participation. The book does an excellent job of providing real-life examples and demonstrating how the recommendations can be implemented in everyday practice."

    --Doody’s Book Review, 5-star review