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Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology

Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology


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    Students entering advanced study of environmental physiology may have little experience in researching environmental physiology or may not realize the depth and breadth of the field. Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology offers the first complete look at the scope and major ideas of environmental exercise physiology. It provides students with a solid grounding in prominent research topics and a thorough understanding of the key concepts and current debates in the field.

    Using an integrative approach, Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, the first book in Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology series, considers the human capacity to exercise in and tolerate various environments. Readers will examine the major impact of each environment explored, and they will discover areas of current debate to stimulate further research. The text also helps students directly link the research to athletic and occupational situations in various environments.

    Through Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, students will learn the following:

    • The initial physiological responses upon exposure to an environment that a person is not adapted to
    • How the body adapts to repeated exposure to an environment
    • How various environments affect the ability to exercise and work
    • Individual variability in response to stressful environments

    Readers will also gain a firm knowledge of the application of basic exercise physiology to specific environmental stressors by looking at the countermeasures that people can take to minimize the impact of environmental stressors. Among the issues explored in this text are the effects of heat, hydration, and cold in the thermal environment; diving, altitude training, and other pressure effects on the human system; and the influences that pollution and air quality have on exercise. The text also explores the microgravity (space) environment and chronobiological rhythms and their effects on exercise performance.

    Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology addresses the primary environmental factors affecting people when they are exercising and competing in sport, and it provides evidence-based information with numerous references. By linking research with recommendations for real-world situations, this text serves as an invaluable resource for students and professionals alike.

    Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of the various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a clear and concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training.


    Text for graduate-level and upper-level undergraduate courses in exercise physiology and exercise science. Also a reference for exercise and sports medicine specialists.

    Table of Contents

    Series Preface

    Chapter 1. Overview of Environmental Physiology
    Interdisciplinary Design Issues
    Common Terminology in Environmental Physiology
    Common Research Themes

    Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Temperature Regulation
    Heat Balance Equation and Factors Affecting Heat Exchange
    Models of Thermoregulatory Control
    Thermal Stress Scales

    Chapter 3. Heat Stress
    Direct Effects of Hyperthermia
    Pace Selection With Hyperthermia
    Individual Variability in Heat Tolerance
    Cooling Strategies

    Chapter 4. Hydration Strategies for Exercise
    Physiology of Fluid Balance
    Developing a Hydration Strategy

    Chapter 5. Cold Air Exposure
    Manual Function in the Cold
    Cold Injuries to the Extremities
    Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold

    Chapter 6. Cold Water Immersion
    Sudden Immersion and Cold Shock
    Muscle Failure in the Cold
    Post-Rescue Collapse

    Chapter 7. Diving and Hyperbaric Physiology
    The Physics of Diving
    Respiratory Responses to a Hyperbaric Environment
    Decompression Sickness
    Inert Gas Narcosis
    Saturation Diving

    Chapter 8. Training and Performing at Moderate Altitude
    Models of Physiological Responses to Hypoxic Stimulus
    Genetic Basis of Altitude Performance
    Live Low, Train High
    Live High, Train High
    Live High, Train Low
    Considerations in Applying Altitude Training

    Chapter 9. Mountaineering and High Altitude Physiology
    Physiological Responses to High and Extreme Altitudes
    High Altitude Illnesses

    Chapter 10. Microgravity and Spaceflight
    The Microgravity Environment
    Physiological Responses to Microgravity
    Exercise Countermeasures
    Extravehicular Activity Physiology
    Spacesuit Design
    Radiation Exposure

    Chapter 11. Exercise in Polluted Environments
    Air Quality Indices
    Ozone Effects on Health and Exercise
    Managing Air Pollution for Athletes

    Chapter 12. Chronobiological Rhythms and Exercise Performance
    Sleep–Wake Cycle Basics
    Circadian Pattern in Exercise Capacity
    Sleep Deprivation
    Shift Work
    Jet Lag

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