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Advanced Exercise Endocrinology PDF

Advanced Exercise Endocrinology PDF

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    Advanced Exercise Endocrinology presents a comprehensive examination of the relationship between physical activity and hormone function. As the newest addition to Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series, this resource offers the most up-to-date information on the quickly advancing field of exercise endocrinology. Written by leading exercise endocrinologist Katarina Borer, Advanced Exercise Endocrinology is an essential reference for exercise physiologists, physiotherapists, and other health professionals researching the connections between exercise, hormone function, and health.

    Advanced Exercise Endocrinology explains how the human body responds to exercise in order to support the increased energy demand. Readers will explore topics including body fluid balance during exercise and at rest, endocrine and autonomic control of cardiorespiratory function, hormonal control of energy expenditure, and the role of reproductive hormones in exercise. The text offers an integrative perspective and includes the following unique features:

    • An emphasis on the effects of hormones during exercise in the context of biological functions or physiological events to help readers appreciate the complexity of hormonal response from a functional, whole-body perspective

    • A discussion of hormone actions in exercise with an emphasis on the mechanisms of action, which is key to developing an advanced understanding of metabolism and somatic and physiological adaptations to training

    • A chapter that brings together research on nonhormonal signaling in exercise, a topic not often presented in a comprehensive manner

    • An introduction to the principles of hormone measurements, which will be especially helpful to students considering a future in research

    Combining foundational concepts and research, this text offers engaging and accessible coverage of this advanced field of study. Chapter summaries help readers focus on the most significant issues presented for each topic, and extensive illustrations, figures, and graphs provide visual reinforcement of key concepts and important research findings. Special sidebars highlight analyses of interesting research findings and practical applications. In examining current research, readers will be able to identify emerging topics and possible directions for future exploration.

    While the connection between exercise, hormones, and health is well acknowledged, the field had yet to be fully explored. Advanced Exercise Endocrinology will help students and professionals from many health fields better understand how interactions between physical activity and hormone action work to maintain health, improve exercise performance, and prevent metabolic disabilities.

    Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a clear and concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training. Advanced Exercise Endocrinology is the fourth volume in the series.

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Unique Properties of Endocrine and Autonomic Messengers

    Functions of the Endocrine and the Autonomic Nervous Systems

    Classification of Hormones

    Chemical Structure of Hormones

    Hormone Release and Transport

    Hormone Receptors and Hormone-Receptor Message Transduction

    Properties of Hormone-Receptor Interactions

    Summary

    Chapter 2. Activation of Non-Hormonal Signaling During Exercise

    Signal Transduction by Neuronal and Electrostatic Events in Exercise

    Intracellular Calcium Release as a Trigger of Signal Transduction

    Signal Transduction of Mechanical Strain, Vibration, and Fluid Shear

    Signaling in Response to Sensing of Energy Need

    Free Radicals as Initiators of Message Transduction

    Summary

    Chapter 3. Autonomic and Hormonal Control of the Cardiorespiratory System

    Afferent Signals to the ANS

    Functional Significance of Dual Autonomic Innervation of Cardiorespiratory Organs

    Control of Cardiorespiratory Function by ANS and Hormones

    Summary

    Chapter 4. Body Fluid Balance

    Increases in Body Heat Load During Exercise

    Thermoregulatory Changes of Body Water During Exercise

    Consequences of Fluid Loss Through Sweating

    Cessation of Renal Reabsorptive Function During Exercise

    Thirst and Sodium Hunger After Exercise

    Hyperhydration and Hyponatremia

    Strategies for Fluid Management in Exercise

    Summary

    Chapter 5. Hormones and the Fuel Use in Exercise

    Hormonal Mediation of Energy Balance

    Hormones in Fuel Mobilization and Utilization During Aerobic Exercise

    Hormones in Fuel Mobilization and Utilization During Anaerobic or Resistance Exercise

    Summary

    Chapter 6. Hormonal Control of Energy Expenditure and Intake

    Effect of Exercise on Appetite

    Effect of Energy Cost of Exercise on Putative Appetite Suppressing Hormones

    Nonhomeostatic Character of Spontaneous Physical Activity or Locomotion

    Leptin and Insulin Regulate Energy Balance by Acting on Brain Substrates of Reward

    New Concept of Energy Regulation Can Facilitate Use of Exercise for Weight Loss

    Summary

    Chapter 7. Exercise and Reproductive Hormones

    Development of Phenotypic Sexual Dimorphism

    Effects of Exercise on Sex Hormone Secretion

    Effects of Sex Hormones on Physical Performance

    Summary

    Chapter 8. Hormonal Mediation in Training Adaptations

    Systemic Hormones in Adaptations to Endurance Training

    Role of Systemic Anabolic Hormones in Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Nutritional Modulation of Hormonal Adaptations to Exercise Training

    Summary

    Chapter 9. Exercise and Endocrine Rhythms

    Basics of Biological Rhythm Physiology and Terminology

    Synchronization of Circadian Rhythms by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus

    Control of Biological Rhythms by Food-Entrainable Oscillator

    Control of Ultradian Rhythms

    Control of Biological Rhythms by Exercise

    Summary

    Chapter 10. Measuring Hormones

    Measuring Hormone Concentration

    Measuring Biological Actions of Hormones

    Measuring Hormone Synthesis and Site of Production

    Measuring the Rate of Hormone Secretion

    Summary

    About the Author

    Katarina T. Borer, PhD, is a professor in the School of Kinesiology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, where she has spent over 35 years teaching and researching the hormonal control of metabolism, particularily in response to exercise. She has spent 40 years researching endocrine mechanisms operating in acceleration of growth by exercise and regulation of energy balance. Borer also developed and validated radioimmunoassay for hamster growth hormone and prolactin.

    She is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, Endocrine Society, American Diabetes Association, American Physiological Society, and Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior. In 1991, Borer received a Fulbright scholarship to the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, where she studied the expression of IGF-I mRNA in exercising hamsters. She has been a visiting professor on the kinesiology faculty at the University of Zagreb in Croatia since 2002. Borer was also awarded the title of Meritorious Professor in 2010 from the University of Zagreb.

    Borer and her husband, Paul Wenger, reside in Ann Arbor. Borer enjoys spending time with her grandchildren, painting, studying art, listening to opera and classical music, and devoting time to her environmental interests, especially the recycling of resources.

    Reviews

    “Authored by a well-respected scientist and including the most up-to-date, peer-reviewed evidence, this book is a must have for researchers or academics as a current reference on the many concepts related to exercise and endocrinology as well as advances in the field.”

    Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)