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Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy With Web Resource

Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy With Web Resource


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    Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy provides a balanced introduction to the knowledge, skills, and clinical abilities that span the profession of athletic training. Students in athletic training, coaching, or other health care fields will find current information covering the breadth of theory and application of athletic training, including evidence-based practice, prevention and health promotion, clinical examination and diagnosis, acute and emergency care, therapeutic interventions, and health care administration. It also presents advanced topics of pathophysiology and psychological response to sport injury to better prepare students for continued study.

    Compared to other introductory athletic training texts, Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy is the only text that aligns with the newest athletic training education competencies from the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (2011). Written by a team of respected athletic training educators with experience at the professional and collegiate levels, the text breaks new ground by condensing key concepts to a comprehensive level while not overwhelming students with content that will be addressed in depth in advanced courses. Numerous features assist students in learning the fundamentals:
    • Each of the six parts opens with a discussion of the competencies that are covered in that part and concludes with a reference list of those competencies by description and number, making it easy to monitor the knowledge required.
    • A companion web resource contains 41 clinical proficiency exercises, carefully chosen to complement the introductory level of the text and align with required educational objectives. The modules may be completed online or printed, and cross-references at the end of each chapter guide students to the appropriate modules to apply the chapter content.
    • Case studies sprinkled throughout the text demonstrate real-world situations and include critical thinking questions that underscore principles of rehabilitation and exercise.
    • Full-color photographs depict specific conditions and techniques, giving students an accurate picture of real practice.
    • For instructors, a complete set of ancillaries assists in preparing and presenting lectures, leading class discussion, and planning assignments and assessments.
    In addition, Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy is the first text to offer a complete chapter on evidence-based practice, the newest educational competency required of entry-level athletic trainers by the NATA. The rest of the text introduces general information about life as an athletic trainer, such as training, education, licensure, certification, employment opportunities, and the roles in a sports medicine team. The core of the text then focuses on required knowledge and skills related to injury prevention, injury recognition and classification (including region-specific examination strategies, basic objective tests, physical exam strategies, and injury mechanisms), acute care, therapeutic interventions, and the role of pharmaceuticals in the healing process. To round out the text, it addresses health care administration and discusses strategies for the management of athletic training programs.

    With learning features and a web resource that integrate clinical learning into an introductory course, Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy is the essential resource for current and future athletic trainers. Long after its first use, it will prove a valuable reference for athletic training students as they progress through the curriculum, prepare for certificiation, and begin careers in the profession.

    Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy is part of Human Kinetics' Athletic Training Education Series. Featuring the work of respected authorities in athletic training, this collection of outstanding textbooks, each with its own supporting instructional resources, parallels and expounds on the content areas in the accreditation standards of the NATA Executive Committee for Education.


    Textbook for undergraduate introductory courses in athletic training and sports medicine, including care and prevention of athletic injuries and injury recognition and assessment. Also a textbook for graduate-level introductory courses in athletic training, a preparatory text for physical therapists interested in gaining sport PT specialist (SCS) certification, and a reference for certified athletic trainers.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction to Athletic Training
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    Becoming an NATA Certified Athletic Trainer
    History of Athletic Training
    Employment Opportunities in Athletic Training
    The Sports Medicine Team
    Learning Aids

    Part I. Prevention and Health Promotion

    Chapter 1. The Preparticipation Physical Examination
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Essential Elements of the Preparticipation Physical Examination
    • Health Status Information
    • Physical Components of the Preparticipation Physical Examination
    • Fitness or Performance Testing
    • Preparticipation Physical Examination Results
    • Considerations for Athletes With Impairments
    • Administration of the Preparticipation Physical Examination
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 2. Fitness Testing and Conditioning
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Fitness Testing Procedures
    • Fitness Testing Parameters
    • Exercise Prescription
    • Developing the Strength Training Program
    • Types of Strength Training
    • Integrating Cardiorespiratory and Flexibility Parameters
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 3. Nutritional Aspects of Health and Performance
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Why Study Nutrition?
    • Basic Nutritional Needs of Active Individuals
    • Fluid Needs for Active Individuals
    • Caloric Demands of Active Individuals
    • MyPlate
    • Planning the Participant's Diet
    • Nutritional Concerns in Injury or Illness
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 4. Environmental Conditions
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Temperature Regulation and Heat Exchange
    • Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Heat
    • Cooling Mechanisms
    • Adapting to Environmental Heat
    • Heat Illness
    • Prevention of Heat-Related Illness
    • Caring for Heat Illness
    • Cold Environments
    • Other Weather Conditions
    • Other Environmental Factors Influencing Sport Participation
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 5. Protective Devices, Regulations, and the Law
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Standards for Equipment Design and Reconditioning
    • Regulating Agencies
    • Reconditioning and Maintenance of Athletic Headgear
    • Agencies for Development of Sport Safety Rules
    • Legal Concerns About Equipment Use in Sport
    • Liability Negligence
    • Determination of Liability
    • Product and Manufacturer Liability
    • Protecting Oneself From Legal Misfortune
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 6. Athletic Taping, Padding, and Bracing
    David H. Perrin, PhD, ATC, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Anatomy and Injury Mechanism as the Foundation for Taping and Bracing
    • Materials for Taping and Wrapping
    • Prerequisites to Taping and Bracing
    • Preparing for Taping
    • Applying Tape
    • Padding
    • Pad Fabrication Considerations
    • Pad Construction Materials
    • Role of Bracing
    • Learning Aids
    Part II. Clinical Examination and Diagnosis

    Chapter 7. Injury Mechanisms and Classifications
    Sandra J. Shultz, PhD, ATC, CSCS, FNATA, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Anatomical Reference Terminology
    • Physical Maturity Classifications
    • Injury Mechanisms
    • Injury Classifications
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 8. Principles of Examination
    Sandra J. Shultz, PhD, ATC, CSCS, FNATA. and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Examination Components
    • On-Site Examination
    • Acute Examination
    • Clinical Examination
    • Documenting the Examination
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 9. Upper Extremity Injury Recognition
    Sandra J. Shultz, PhD, ATC, CSCS, FNATA. and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Shoulder and Arm Injury Recognition
    • Elbow and Forearm Injury Recognition
    • Wrist and Hand Injury Recognition
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 10. Lower Extremity Injury Recognition
    Sandra J. Shultz, PhD, ATC, CSCS, FNATA, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Hip, Pelvis, and Groin Injury Recognition
    • Knee and Thigh Injury Recognition
    • Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot Injury Recognition
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 11. Head, Spine, and Thorax Injury Recognition
    Sandra J. Shultz, PhD, ATC, CSCS, FNATA, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Cervical and Upper Thoracic Spine Injury Recognition
    • Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Injury Recognition
    • Head and Face Injury Recognition
    • Thorax and Abdominal Injury Recognition
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 12. General Medical Conditions
    Sandra J. Shultz, PhD, ATC, CSCS, FNATA, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Cardiovascular Conditions
    • Respiratory Conditions
    • Digestive Conditions
    • Eating Disorders
    • Reproductive and Genitourinary Conditions
    • Gynecological Conditions
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Diseases Transmitted by Body Fluid
    • Endocrine Conditions
    • Musculoskeletal Conditions
    • Neurological Conditions
    • Integumentary Conditions
    • Eye, Ear, Mouth, Nose, and Throat Conditions
    • Viral Syndromes
    • Systemic Conditions
    • Learning Aids
    Part III. Acute and Emergency Care

    Chapter 13. Acute Care
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Planning Foundations for Acute Care Situations
    • Essentials of the Acute Examination
    • Immediate Care for Emergency Problems
    • Care Principles for Musculoskeletal Injuries
    • Moving and Transporting Injured Patients
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 14. Emergency Care
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • First Aid, Emergency Care, and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
    • First Aid for Sudden Illnesses
    • The Emergency Care Plan
    • Consent to Treat
    • Community-Based Emergency Medical Services
    • Roles and Responsibilities of EMS Professionals
    • Emergency Care Equipment
    • Learning Aids
    Part IV. Therapeutic Interventions

    Chapter 15. Concepts of Rehabilitation and Healing
    Peggy A. Houglum, PhD, ATC, PT, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Components of a Rehabilitation Program
    • Basic Components of Therapeutic Exercise
    • Psychological Considerations in Rehabilitation
    • Return-to-Competition Criteria
    • Concepts of Healing
    • Healing Phases
    • Factors That Affect Healing
    • The Role of Therapeutic Exercise in Healing
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 16. Therapeutic Modalities
    Craig R. Denegar, PhD, ATC, PT, FNATA
    • Applications
    • Cold and Superficial Heat Treatments
    • Electrotherapy
    • Ultrasound
    • Laser
    • Mechanical Energy and Manual Therapies
    • Biofeedback
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 17. Therapeutic Exercise Parameters and Techniques
    Peggy A. Houglum, PhD, ATC, PT, and Kirk Brumels, PhD, AT, ATC
    • Range of Motion and Flexibility
    • Stretching
    • Manual Therapy Techniques
    • Muscular Strength, Power, and Endurance
    • Proprioception
    • Plyometrics
    • Functional and Sport-Specific Exercise
    • Basic Functional Activities
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 18. Pharmacology in Athletic Training
    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT
    • Drug Nomenclature and Classification
    • The Study of Drugs
    • Drug-Testing Policies and Procedures
    • Drugs Specific to Athletic-Related Conditions
    • Nonorthopedic Medicinals
    • Learning Aids
    Part V. Health Care Administration

    Chapter 19. Management Strategies in Athletic Training
    Richard Ray, EdD, ATC, and Eric J. Fuchs, DA, ATC, EMT-B
    • Vision and Mission Statements
    • Planning
    • Human Resource Management
    • Financial Resource Management
    • Information Management
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 20. Reimbursement and Legal Considerations
    Richard Ray, EdD, ATC, and Eric J. Fuchs, DA, ATC, EMT-B
    • Insurance Systems
    • Third-Party Reimbursement
    • Legal Considerations in Sports Medicine
    • Learning Aids
    Part VI. Advanced Athletic Training Concepts

    Chapter 21. Pathophysiology of Athletic Injuries
    Susan Saliba, PhD, ATC, PT, FNATA
    • Pathophysiology
    • Connective Tissue Structure
    • Biomechanical Responses of Connective Tissue
    • Inflammation
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 22. Psychological Aspects of Sport Injury and Rehabilitation
    Diane M. Wiese-Bjornstal, PhD, CC-AASP, Laura J. Kenow, MS, ATC, and Frances A. Flint PhD, CAT(C), ATC
    • Insight Into Sport Injury Psychology and Socioculture
    • Interventions for Psychological Recovery
    • Implementation of a Psychosocial Care Plan
    • Learning Aids
    Chapter 23. Evidence-Based Practice
    Tamara C. Valovich McLeod, PhD, ATC, FNATA
    • The Essence of Evidence-Based Practice
    • The Importance of Evidence-Based Practice to Athletic Training
    • The Steps of Evidence-Based Practice
    • Learning Aids
    About the Editor

    About the Editor

    Susan Kay Hillman, ATC, PT, is associate professor and director of human anatomy at the Arizona School of Health Sciences, a division of the A.T. Still University. She has more than 13 years of experience as head athletic trainer for the University of Arizona and has served as a consultant, assistant athletic trainer, and physical therapist for the Pittsburgh Steelers as well as the Philadelphia Eagles football clubs.

    Hillman has served on the editorial board of the journal Athletic Therapy Today (now titled International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training) and the review board of the Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. She is a past member of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Trainers’ Association (RMATA) Program Committee. She currently serves as a home-study reviewer for the Board of Certification (BOC) and served on the Role Delineation 6 team for the BOC. In 2004, she received the Distinguished Educator Award from the RMATA, and the year before she was named Most Distinguished Athletic Trainer by the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA).

    Hillman earned a master's degree in physical therapy from Stanford University and a master's degree in physical education and athletic training from the University of Arizona as well as a bachelor's degree in the same field from Purdue University.


    “This book does an excellent job of breaking down each domain of athletic training and providing enough information on each topic to allow for practical learning. It is not overwhelming for a student audience and offers many different resources to practice and apply the knowledge they have gained. It compares well with other entry-level textbooks used in didactic settings, and surpasses them in the critical thinking opportunities presented throughout.”

    --Doody’s Book Review (4-star review)

    “Overall, this introductory textbook for the athletic training student is perfectly suited for the first year of an undergraduate or entry-level master’s athletic training education program. The comprehensive nature of this textbook makes it one that students can reference throughout their academic career and utilize to prepare for their Board of Certification examination.”

    -- Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy


    All ancillary materials are FREE to course adopters and available online at

    Instructor guide. Includes chapter objectives and a Chapter at a Glance elements to assist in quick construction of lecture slides and notes. Active learning suggestions offer ideas for classroom activities to stimulate thinking and bring the chapter material into focus. Critical thinking questions offer another engaging method of content delivery and assessment adaptable for use in large-group discussions, small-group assignments, home-study assignments, presentations, or reports.

    Canadian Supplement. Consists of Microsoft Word and PDF manuscripts that provide instructors with Canadian-specific supplementary content to highlight differences in key practices and procedures. Specific material includes certification requirements from the Canadian Athletic Therapists Association (CATA), information on Canada’s health care and legal systems, nutrition guidelines, and assessment techniques. This unique ancillary provides a clear explanation of which content from the book is supplemented and assists professors in adapting their lectures by region to most effectively teach aspiring Canadian athletic therapists.

    Test package. Features a bank of more than 500 questions in mutiple-choice, true-or-false, essay, and fill-in-the-blank formats. The test package is available for use through multiple formats, including a learning management system, Respondus, and rich text.

    Image bank. Includes most of the figures, tables, and photos from the text, sorted by chapter, that can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-1483-8.

    Web resource. Integrates clinical learning with the book’s content. It contains 41 clinical proficiency exercises for students at the introductory level. These proficiency exercises are linked to educational behavioral objectives that student athletic trainers are required to demonstrate as evidence of their clinical competency in athletic training. The downloadable PDF modules can be completed online or printed.