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Fitness & Health-7th Edition

Fitness & Health-7th Edition


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    The completely revised seventh edition of Fitness & Health offers a comprehensive understanding of the exercise–health relationship and provides a framework for attaining health and fitness goals. This one-stop handbook for students and fitness professionals explores the physiology and benefits of fitness while also providing information and tools for improving health and wellness. Authors Brian J. Sharkey and Steven E. Gaskill have 60 years of combined experience in the field, as evidenced in the depth of content and accessible style of writing. The book aims not only to educate but also to inspire the audience to put the suggested methods into practice and have a positive effect on their quality of life.

    Fitness & Health, Seventh Edition, includes fresh, new content and has been restructured to enhance the educational experience:

    • An entirely new chapter detailing behavior change, helping readers better understand the psychology of activity and how to modify individual behaviors using documented strategies

    • A revised chapter on the physiology of fitness to help readers grasp the science behind aerobic and muscular fitness

    • Proven methods for achieving aerobic and muscular fitness, plus strategies for exercising in high heat and humidity, extreme cold, high altitude, and environments with low air quality

    • New information on physical activity and brain health that shows how an active life improves learning, higher-order brain processes, and academic achievement

    • A detailed explanation of the Exercise is Medicine movement that highlights the benefits of regular physical activity in terms of improving quality of life and reducing health risks

    Students will excel with chapter summaries of content for easier review and tables and figures that organize information for quick reference. The seventh edition also includes special elements to highlight interesting content on health and fitness, including important health behaviors, testing procedures, and proven fitness programs. In addition, instructors benefit from the inclusion of new ancillaries containing an instructor guide complete with lab activities, a test package, and a presentation package plus image bank.

    With Fitness & Health, students learn the body’s response to exercise and acquire strategies for motivating themselves or others to commit to an active and healthy life. The book explains how the body responds to physical activity; why physical activity is beneficial to health; and how physical activity can help people increase aerobic and muscular fitness, achieve and maintain a healthy weight, enhance performance in work and sport, and improve vitality.


    Textbook for undergraduate students taking courses covering topics related to general fitness, exercise, physical activity, health, and wellness; a reference for fitness professionals and fitness enthusiasts.

    Table of Contents


    The Active Life
    Healthy Behaviors
    The Road Less Traveled
    Benefits of Physical Activity and Fitness
    Physical Activity Recommendations
    Activity Index

    Part I. Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
    Chapter 1. Health Benefits of Activity and Fitness
    Activity Reduces the Risk of Coronary Artery Disease
    Activity Reduces the Risk of Chronic Diseases
    Activity Increases Longevity

    Chapter 2. Mental and Cognitive Health: A Sound Mind in a Sound Body
    Activity Reduces Anxiety and Depression
    Activity Minimizes Stress
    Activity Improves Cognitive Health
    Activity as a Positive Addiction

    Chapter 3. Activity and Personal Health Assessment: It’s Your Responsibility
    Functions of Health Screening and Early Detection
    Annual Medical Examination
    Cholesterol Screening
    Pre-Exercise Medical Examination
    Evaluating the Risks of Activity
    Individual Health Risk Analysis

    Part II. Turning Your Life Around
    Chapter 4. Psychology of Activity: Learning to Play
    Goal Setting
    Setting Your Preference to Exertion

    Chapter 5. Behavior Change: Gaining Control
    Activity in Modern Society
    Barriers to Physical Activity
    Environment and Behavior
    Stages of Behavioral Change
    Behavior Modification Strategies
    Positive Behavior Maintenance
    Relapse Solutions
    Visualization Strategies

    Chapter 6. Meaningful Activity: Lifetime Vitality
    Meaningful Physical Activity
    Incorporating Purposeful Activity into Daily Living
    Environment and Purposeful Activity
    Aging and Activity
    Health Habits for Longevity
    Personality Attributes for Longevity
    Age and Performance

    Part III. Understanding Fitness
    Chapter 7. Physiology of Fitness: Muscles, Energy, and Oxygen
    Muscle Contractions
    Energy Sources
    Energy for Contractions
    Supply and Support Systems
    Genetic Responses to Exercise

    Chapter 8. Aerobic Fitness: Stamina and Efficiency
    Aerobic Exercise
    Aerobic Fitness
    Aerobic Training Effects
    Aerobic Training and Muscle Function
    Aerobic Training and Body Composition
    Aerobic Training and the Skeletal System
    Training Supply and Support
    Specificity of Training
    Aerobic Fitness Field Tests

    Chapter 9. Muscular Fitness: Strength and Endurance
    Muscular Strength
    Muscular Endurance
    Agility and Skill
    Benefits of Muscular Fitness
    Strength Training Effects
    Endurance Training Effects
    Methods of Training
    Muscle Soreness
    Force–Velocity Relationship
    Preload and Elastic Recoil
    Core Training
    Muscular Fitness Field Tests

    Part IV. Improving Fitness
    Chapter 10. Aerobic Fitness Training: Steps for Success
    Fitness Prescription
    Training Tips
    Aerobic Fitness Options
    Exercise Risks
    Sample Aerobic Fitness Prescriptions

    Chapter 11. Muscular Fitness Training: Lifetime Mobility
    Muscular Strength Fitness Prescription
    Muscular Endurance Fitness Prescription
    Sample Muscular Fitness Prescriptions

    Part V. Activity and Weight Control
    Chapter 12. Energy and Nutrition: Fuel for the Active Life
    Dietary Guidelines
    Energy Intake
    Energy Expenditure
    Calculating Caloric Intake
    Estimating Caloric Expenditure
    Diet and Performance

    Chapter 13. Weight Control: More Than Calories Count
    Overweight and Obesity
    Measuring Body Fat
    Ideal Body Weight
    Activity and Weight Control
    Exercise Prescription for Weight Control
    Adopting a Healthy Diet
    Weight-Control Fallacies
    Sensible Weight Gain

    Part VI. Performance
    Chapter 14. Training: Athletic Performance
    Training Principles
    Training Fallacies
    Designing Your Training Program
    Periodizing Your Training Program
    Psychology of Performance
    Fitness and Work

    Chapter 15. Environment: Acclimate, Then Perform
    Regulating Temperature
    Exercising in the Heat
    Exercising in the Cold
    Exercising at Altitude
    Avoiding the Effects of Air Pollution

    About the Author

    Brian J. Sharkey, PhD, has nearly 40 years of experience as a leading fitness researcher, educator, and author. Sharkey served as director of the University of Montana’s Human Performance Laboratory for many years and remains associated with the university and lab as professor emeritus. He also served as a consultant with the U.S. Forest Service in the areas of fitness, health, and work capacity.

    Sharkey is a fellow and past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and has served on the board of trustees. He served on the NCAA committee on competitive safeguards and medical aspects of sports, where he chaired the Sports Science and Safety subcommittee, which uses research and data on injury to improve the safety of intercollegiate athletes. Sharkey also coordinated the U.S. Ski Team Nordic Sportsmedicine Council. In 2009, Sharkey recevied the Fire Safety Award from the International Association of Wildland Firefighters.

    Sharkey and his wife, Anne, reside in Missoula, Montana. He enjoys hiking, paddling, cycling, and both cross-country and downhill skiing.

    Steven E. Gaskill, PhD, is a professor in the department of health and human performance at the University of Montana. His research interests include the relationship of physical activity to cognitive functioning in children; submaximal aerobic fitness and its relationship to work capacity and chronic disease; and long-duration work and exercise fitness as related to fitness, fatigue, immune function, and cognitive performance. Gaskill has published over 40 articles in refereed journals, presented his reasearch at numerous conferences, and authored three books.

    Gaskill worked for the U.S. ski team for 10 years as head coach of the Nordic combined (ski jumping and cross-country skiing) and cross-country teams and as director of the coaches’ educational programs. He has coached at three Olympic Games, and 20 skiers who have trained under him have competed in the Olympics. In 1992, the U.S. Ski Association named him the U.S. Cross-Country Coach of the Year.

    Gaskill enjoys backpacking, tennis, mountain biking, cross-country skiing, fishing, and mountaineering. Serious about the active life, he continues to be active year round with his wife, Kathy

    Sharkey and Gaskill also coauthored Sport Physiology for Coaches (Human Kinetics, 2006).


    All ancillary materials are FREE to course adopters and available online at

    Instructor guide. Includes sample lecture outlines, key points, and student assignments for every chapter in the text, along with sample laboratory exercises and direct links to a range of detailed sources on the Internet.

    Test package. Features a bank of questions, including true-or-false, fill-in-the-blank, essay and short-answer, and multiple-choice. The test package is available for use through multiple formats, including a learning management system, Respondus, and rich text.

    Presentation package plus image bank. Includes PowerPoint slides of text, photos, and artwork from the book that instructors can use for class discussion and illustration. The slides in the presentation package can be used directly within PowerPoint or printed to make transparencies or handouts for distribution to students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides as well as search for slides based on key words.

    The presentation package plus image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-4180-3.