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Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology 6th Edition eBook With Web Study Guide

Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology 6th Edition eBook With Web Study Guide


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    As the leading text in sport and exercise psychology, Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Sixth Edition With Web Study Guide, provides a thorough introduction to key concepts in the field. This text offers both students and new practitioners a comprehensive view of sport and exercise psychology, drawing connections between research and practice and capturing the excitement of the world of sport and exercise.

    The internationally respected authors have incorporated feedback from teachers and students to create a text that builds on previous editions, making the material accessible to readers. In-depth learning aids have been refreshed, including chapter objectives and summaries, sidebars, key terms, key points, anecdotes, and discussion questions to help students think more critically about applying the material. Other updates to the sixth edition include the following:
    • More than 40 new video clips integrated into the web study guide to better demonstrate the core concepts addressed in the book
    • Additional emphasis on hot topics, including mindfulness, cultural diversity, ethics and professional issues, and transitions in sport
    • New ancillaries to help instructors teach their courses, including an image bank, chapter quizzes, and more than 122 instructor videos
    • Updated references, including more contemporary sources
    The text provides students with a unique learning experience—taking them on a journey through the origins and goals, key concepts, research development, and career options available in the field—in seven parts that may be studied in any sequence. Following an introduction to the field, the text then shifts focus to personal factors that affect performance and psychological development in sport, physical education, and exercise settings. Situational factors that influence behavior, group interaction and processes, and the use of psychological techniques to help people perform more effectively are covered, as well as the roles psychological factors play in health and exercise. The final section deals with topics of psychological development and well-being that are important to both society and sport and exercise psychology, including children’s psychological development through sport participation, aggression in sport, and moral development and good sporting behavior in sport and physical activity contexts.

    The updated web study guide serves as an important learning tool to support the educational journey. With more than 100 engaging activities, it works directly with the text in guiding students to complete the related activities for each chapter and apply knowledge gained from the text. The study guide activities require students to do the following:
    • Use actual sport and exercise psychology instruments to assess their skills.
    • Determine how to respond to real-life scenarios (with short answers or essays).
    • Review research studies and experiments.
    • Search the Internet for relevant information.
    • Apply and test their understanding of principles and concepts of sport and exercise psychology.
    Many of the study guide activities offer compelling audio and video clips that provide an interactive look at how sport psychology consultants communicate with athletes and coaches to improve athletic experiences. These clips feature esteemed experts from the field discussing course concepts that they have studied and refined during their professional careers. To further emphasize practical application, portfolio activities can be integrated through a full semester, turning course units into a unified whole that builds upon itself for greater understanding of the field.

    To aid instructors, instructor ancillaries have been updated and expanded. The instructor guide, test package, and presentation package are now supplemented with an image bank, gradable chapter quizzes, and instructor videos, all available at www.HumanKinetics.com/FoundationsOfSportAndExercisePsychology.

    The updated sixth edition of Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology continues to ensure that students are well equipped to enter the field of sport psychology and are prepared for the challenges they may encounter as well as the possibilities. This text offers an enhanced and varied learning package to assist students in understanding the sport psychology field.


    Textbook for undergraduate sport and exercise psychology courses; reference for libraries and sport psychologists.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Beginning Your Journey

    Chapter 1. Welcome to Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Defining Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Specializing in Sport Psychology
    Distinguishing Between Two Specialties
    Reviewing the History of Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Focusing on Sport and Exercise Psychology Around the World
    Bridging Science and Practice
    Choosing From Many Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations
    Understanding Present and Future Trends
    Learning Aids

    Part II. Learning About Participants

    Chapter 2. Personality and Sport
    Defining Personality
    Understanding Personality Structure
    Studying Personality From Five Viewpoints
    Measuring Personality
    Using Psychological Measures
    Focusing on Personality Research
    Examining Cognitive Strategies and Success
    Identifying Your Role in Understanding Personality
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 3. Motivation
    Defining Motivation
    Reviewing Three Approaches to Motivation
    Building Motivation With Five Guidelines
    Developing a Realistic View of Motivation
    Understanding Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
    Identifying Four Theories of Achievement Motivation
    Developing Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
    Using Achievement Motivation in Professional Practice
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 4. Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety
    Defining Arousal and Anxiety
    Measuring Arousal and Anxiety
    Defining Stress and Understanding the Stress Process
    Identifying Sources of Stress and Anxiety
    Connecting Arousal and Anxiety to Performance
    Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice
    Learning Aids

    Part III. Understanding Sport and Exercise Environments

    Chapter 5. Competition and Cooperation
    Defining Competition and Cooperation
    Viewing Competition As a Process
    Reviewing Studies of Competition and Cooperation
    Determining Whether Competition Is Good or Bad
    Enhancing Cooperation
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 6. Feedback, Reinforcement, and Intrinsic Motivation
    Principles of Reinforcement
    Approaches to Influencing Behavior
    Guidelines for Using Positive Reinforcement
    Guidelines for Using Punishment
    Behavior Modification in Sport
    Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards
    Cognitive Evaluation Theory
    How Extrinsic Rewards Affect Intrinsic Motivation in Sport
    Strategies for Increasing Intrinsic Motivation
    Flow—A Special Case of Intrinsic Motivation
    Learning Aids

    Part IV. Focusing on Group Processes

    Chapter 7. Group and Team Dynamics
    Recognizing the Difference Between Groups and Teams
    Identifying Three Theories of Group Development
    Understanding Group Structure
    Creating an Effective Team Climate
    Maximizing Individual Performance in Team Sports
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 8. Group Cohesion
    Definition of Cohesion
    Conceptual Model of Cohesion
    Tools for Measuring Cohesion
    Relationship Between Cohesion and Performance
    Other Factors Associated With Cohesion
    Strategies for Enhancing Cohesion
    Guidelines for Building Team Cohesion\
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 9. Leadership
    Definition of Leadership
    Approaches to Studying Leadership
    Sport-Oriented Interactional Approaches to Leadership
    Research on the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership
    Leadership Training Interventions
    Four Components of Effective Leadership
    The Art of Leadership
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 10. Communication
    Understanding the Communication Process
    Sending Messages Effectively
    Receiving Messages Effectively
    Recognizing Breakdowns in Communication
    Improving Communication
    Dealing With Confrontation
    Delivering Constructive Criticism
    Learning Aids

    Part V. Improving Performance

    Chapter 11. Introduction to Psychological Skills Training
    What Psychological Skills Training Entails
    Why PST Is Important
    Why Sport and Exercise Participants Neglect PST
    Myths About PST
    PST Knowledge Base
    PST Effectiveness
    Three Phases of PST Programs
    Self-Regulation: The Ultimate Goal of PST
    Who Should Conduct PST Programs
    When to Implement a PST Program
    PST Program Development
    Common Problems in Implementing PST Programs
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 12. Arousal Regulation
    Increasing Self-Awareness of Arousal
    Using Anxiety Reduction Techniques
    Exploring the Matching Hypothesis
    Coping With Adversity
    Using Arousal-Inducing Techniques
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 13. Imagery
    Defining Imagery
    Evidence of Imagery’s Effectiveness
    Imagery in Sport: Where, When, Why, and What
    Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Imagery
    How Imagery Works
    Uses of Imagery
    Keys to Effective Imagery
    How to Develop an Imagery Training Program
    When to Use Imagery
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 14. Self-Confidence
    Defining Self-Confidence
    Understanding How Expectations Influence Performance
    Examining Self-Efficacy Theory
    Assessing Self-Confidence
    Building Self-Confidence
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 15. Goal Setting
    Definition of Goals
    Effectiveness of Goal Setting
    Principles of Goal Setting
    Development of Group Goals
    Design of a Goal-Setting System
    Common Problems in Goal Setting
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 16. Concentration
    Defining Concentration
    Explaining Attentional Focus: Three Processes
    Connecting Concentration to Optimal Performance
    Identifying Types of Attentional Focus
    Recognizing Attentional Problems
    Using Self-Talk to Enhance Concentration
    Assessing Attentional Skills
    Improving Concentration
    Future Developments in Concentration Training
    Learning Aids

    Part VI. Enhancing Health and Well-Being

    Chapter 17. Exercise and Psychological Well-Being
    Reducing Anxiety and Depression With Exercise
    Understanding the Effect of Exercise on Psychological Well-Being
    Changing Personality and Cognitive Functioning With Exercise
    Enhancing Quality of Life With Exercise
    Examining the Runner’s High
    Using Exercise as an Adjunct to Therapy
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 18. Exercise Behavior and Adherence
    Reasons to Exercise
    Reasons for Not Exercising
    Problem of Exercise Adherence
    Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior
    Determinants of Exercise Adherence
    Settings for Exercise Interventions
    Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
    Guidelines for Improving Exercise Adherence
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 19. Athletic Injuries and Psychology
    What Is Injury?
    Causes of Injuries
    Relationship Between Stress and Injury
    Other Psychologically Based Explanations for Injury
    Psychological Reactions to Exercise and Athletic Injuries
    Role of Sport Psychology in Injury Rehabilitation
    Identify Athletes and Exercisers Who Are at Risk for Injury
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 20. Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors
    Eating Disorders
    Substance Abuse
    Addiction to Exercise
    Compulsive Gambling: An Odds-On Favorite for Trouble
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 21. Burnout and Overtraining
    Definitions of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
    Frequency of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
    Models of Burnout
    Factors Leading to Athlete Overtraining and Burnout
    Symptoms of Overtraining and Burnout
    Ways to Measure Burnout
    Burnout in Sport Professionals
    Treatment and Prevention of Burnout
    Learning Aids

    Part VII. Facilitating Psychological Growth and Development

    Chapter 22. Children and Sport Psychology
    Importance of Studying the Psychology of Young Athletes
    Children’s Reasons for Participation and Nonparticipation
    Role of Friends in Youth Sport
    Stress and Burnout in Children’s Competitive Sport
    Effective Coaching Practices for Young Athletes
    Role of Parents
    The Professionalization of Children’s Sports
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 23. Aggression in Sport
    Defining Aggression
    Understanding the Causes of Aggression
    Examining Aggression in Sport: Special Considerations
    Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice
    Learning Aids

    Chapter 24. Character Development and Good Sporting Behavior
    Defining Character, Fair Play, and Good Sporting Behavior
    Developing Character and Good Sporting Behavior: Three Approaches
    Examining Moral Development Research
    Understanding the Connection Between Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior
    Studying the Connection Between Character Development and Physical Activity
    Guiding Practice in Character Development
    Learning Aids
    Continuing Your Journey

    About the Author

    Robert S. Weinberg, PhD, is a professor in kinesiology and health at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Weinberg has more than 30 years of experience in both the scholarly and applied aspects of sport psychology. He has written numerous research articles, including more than 150 refereed articles in scholarly journals, as well as books, book chapters, and applied articles for coaches, athletes, and exercisers.

    Weinberg was voted one of the top 10 sport psychologists in North America by his peers. He is past president of the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) and of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP). He is also a certified AASP consultant, where he consults with athletes of all sports and ages.

    Weinberg was named a Distinguished Scholar in Sport Psychology at Miami University in 2005. In addition, he was the editor of the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology and voted outstanding faculty member in the School of Education and Allied Professions at Miami University in 1998. In his leisure time, he enjoys playing tennis, traveling, and gardening.

    Daniel Gould, PhD, is the director for the Institute for the Study of Youth Sports and professor in the department of kinesiology at Michigan State University. He has taught sport psychology for more than 35 years. An active researcher, Gould was the founding coeditor of The Sport Psychologist and has published more than 200 articles on sport psychology. He is best known for conducting applied research that links research and practice.

    Gould was voted one of the top 10 sport psychology specialists in North America and is internationally known, having presented his work in more than 30 countries. When on the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, he received the university’s coveted Alumni-Teaching Excellence Award, an all-campus teaching honor. He is an Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) certified consultant and member of the United States Olympic Committee Sport Psychology Registry.

    Gould is the former president of AASP and SHAPE America’s Sport Psychology Academy. In addition to teaching sport psychology, he is extensively involved in coaching education from youth sports to Olympic competition. He also serves as mental skills training consultant for professional, Olympic, and world-class athletes, and in recent years he has served as an executive coach for business leaders interested in enhancing their organizations’ performance.

    He lives in Okemos, Michigan, with his wife, Deb. He is a proud father of two sons, Kevin and Brian. In his leisure time, he enjoys swimming, doing fitness activities, and spending time with his family.


    All ancillary materials are free to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/FoundationsofSportandExercisePsychology.

    Instructor guide. Includes a sample course outline for organizing lectures and chapters; additional class exercises; and key concepts and objectives, individual class outlines (indicating recommended PowerPoint slides), and a list of web study guide activities for each chapter.

    Test package. Contains more than 780 multiple-choice questions that have been updated to reflect new content added to the text and is available for use through multiple formats, including a learning management system, Respondus, and rich text.

    Chapter quizzes. Includes unique questions, compatible with learning management systems, that may be used for testing students’ understanding on a chapter-by-chapter basis, offering easy grading and record keeping for instructors. 

    Presentation package plus image bank. Includes more than 1,000 slides covering the key points from the text, plus figures and tables from the book separated by chapter. Also includes links to all 122 videos. The slides in the presentation package can be used directly in PowerPoint or can be printed to make transparencies or handouts for distribution to students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides as well as search for images based on key words.

    The presentation package plus image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-8560-9

    Instructor videos. Contains unique video content, not included in the web study guide, that instructors may use to supplement their lectures. More than 70 video clips feature expert commentary and expose students to the insights of veteran professionals in the field.

    Web study guide. Contains learning activities to expand and test students’ understanding of principles and concepts of sport and exercise psychology. More than 40 video clips give students an opportunity to hear top sport psychologists discuss their perspectives on key course concepts and provide a realistic look at how sport psychologists interact and communicate with athletes and coaches.

    The web study guide is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-8562-3

    Sample Content

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