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History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity PDF

History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity PDF

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    Blending historical grounding and philosophical insights regarding sport and physical activity, History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity covers the historical and philosophical dimensions of the study of human movement. This cross-disciplinary text shows how theory in the humanities can affect professional practice.

    The author team, R. Scott Kretchmar, Mark Dyreson, Matthew P. Llewellyn, and John Gleaves, offers philosophical and ethical analyses alongside explorations of changes in culture. The text follows a chronology of human movement from our origins as hunter-gatherers to the present. The authors blend their specific areas of expertise to present a thorough integration of philosophy and history, capitalizing on the strengths of both disciplines.

    History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity examines sport and physical activity as a social force. Each chapter provides a historical scaffolding that leads into philosophical discussions about the issues raised. The content is compelling, effective, and accessible for readers.

    Student exercise sidebars allow students to explore questions as they go, especially in relating philosophical inquiry to historical events. Historical profile sidebars throughout the chapters allow students to gain greater insight into historical figures and events. Ancillaries include an instructor guide, a presentation package, and a test package to help instructors make the most of the historical, philosophical, anthropological, and sociological issues presented in the book.

    History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity is designed to reduce any gap that might exist between good ideas and sound professional behavior. Historical lessons and philosophical analyses are seamlessly integrated.

    Readers will understand the intersection of history, culture, ideals, ethics, and professional practice from sport’s leading philosophers and historians.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction: History, Philosophy, and Kinesiology

    Evolution of Kinesiology

    Humanities and the Sciences

    Nature of History and Philosophy

    Subject Matter of Kinesiology

    Wrapping Up and Looking Ahead

    Chapter 1: Bodies, Brains, and Cultures: Human Origins and the Riddles of Why People Run

    Making Sense of Our Story

    Developing a Brief Chronology of Our Story

    Great Leaps Forward

    Patterns of Culture in Hunter-Forager Societies

    Origins of Sport

    Work Versus Play

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 2: Transition From Endurance Predators to Farmers: The Birth of Civilizations

    Revolution in the Ways We Lived

    Impact of the Neolithic Revolution on Human Vigor and Health

    Physical Activity as a Tool and a Jewel

    Difficulties of Interpreting Ancient Sporting Cultures

    Developing a Model of Traditional Sport

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 3: Ancient Greece and the Shape of Modern Sport and Physical Education: Power of the Past in the Present and Future

    Foundation of Western Civilization

    Myth, Religion, and the Origins of Greek Physical Culture

    Birth of Philosophy

    Ancient Sporting Festivals

    Olympic Games

    Greek Sporting Culture

    Sources of Evidence for Ancient Greek Sport

    Greek Recreation and Physical Education

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 4: Continuity and Change in Physical Cultures: From the Maturation and Decline of Classical Civilizations to the Middle Ages

    Monuments to Sporting Spectacles

    Comparing and Contrasting Mesoamerican and Roman Spectacles of Blood

    Opposition to Gladiatorial Contests

    Ethics of Brutality in Sport

    Contrast and Continuity

    Enduring Martial Arts Traditions

    Religious and Intellectual Opposition to Martial Sports

    Similarities and Differences in Eastern and Western Sport

    Global Continuities and Contrasts

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 5: Expansion of the West and the Birth of the Modern World: Global Transformations of Physical Cultures

    Birth of the Modern World

    Renaissance, Neoclassical Revivals of Sport, and the Nature of Man

    Emergence of Modern Debates on Human Nature

    Protestant Reformation and Sport, Physical Education, and the Body

    Scientific Revolution and Modern Attitudes Toward Sport, Physical Education, and the Body

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 6: Great Britain and the Birth of Modern Sports: Economic, Political, Social, and Cultural Revolutions

    Sport as a Critical Modern Institution

    Rationalization of Ethics and Utilitarianism

    Rationalization and Gambling

    Games for the Common Folk

    Rationalization of Fair Play

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 7: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Development of Modern Sport

    Emergence of Modern Sport

    Liberty, Equality, and Morality

    Role of Fraternity in Modern Sport

    Fraternity, Partisanship, and Spectatorship

    Fraternity, Partisanship, and Commercialism

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 8: Games and Empires

    Paradoxical Power of Sports

    Conquest, Colonialism, and the Spread of Western Sports

    Sport in Its Best Light

    Subaltern Dilemma

    Sport as a Revolutionary Force

    Sport, Colonialism, and American Imperialism

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 9: Rise of International Sport Worlds: Olympics, World Cup, and Other Competitions

    Reviving the Olympic Games

    Olympic Growing Pains

    Social Exclusion and Other Harsh Realities of the Early Olympics

    Globalization of Modern Sport

    Sport in Black and White and Technicolor

    Ethics of Commercialism

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 10: The West and the Rest: The Emergence of Critiques and Countercultures to Dominant Forms

    Traditional and Indigenous Sport in an Age of Modernity

    Western Appropriations of Eastern Muses

    Effectiveness of Folk Psychology and Folk Medicine

    Encounters with the “Other”

    Holistic Kinesiology

    Emergence of Countercultural Movement Practices

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 11: The Golden Age of Modern Sport

    Phenomenology

    Cold War Sport

    The Ethics of Performance Enhancement

    Breaking Gender Barriers

    The Cold War and the Politics of Race in American Sport

    The Global Dimensions of Race and Sport

    Sport in Living Color

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    Chapter 12: Snapshots From Our Times

    Do Global Connections Create Global Identities?

    Global Consumer Culture

    The Emergences of New Global Forms of Sport

    Chapter Wrap-Up

    About the Author

    R. Scott Kretchmar, PhD, is a professor emeritus of exercise and sport science at Penn State University in University Park, Pennsylvania. Kretchmar, a fellow in the National Academy of Kinesiology, is a former president of the International Association for the Philosophy of Sport and previously served as editor of the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. He has been named an Alliance Scholar by SHAPE America (Society of Health and Physical Educators) and a Distinguished Scholar by the National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education (NAKPEHE).

    Mark Dyreson, PhD, is a professor of kinesiology and an affiliate professor of history at Penn State University in University Park, Pennsylvania. Also a fellow of the National Academy of Kinesiology, he is a former president of the North American Society for Sport History (NASSH), an academic editor for the International Journal of the History of Sport, and the coeditor of the Sport in the Global Society: Historical Perspectives book series (Routledge Press).

    Matthew P. Llewellyn, PhD, is an associate professor of kinesiology at California State University, Fullerton, and codirector of the Center for Sociocultural Sport and Olympic Research. Llewellyn earned a PhD in historical and philosophical aspects of sport and physical activity at Pennsylvania State University. He is the current associate editor of the Journal of Sport History and the author of four books and over 30 scholarly articles on the history of sport and physical activity.

    John Gleaves, PhD, is an associate professor of kinesiology at California State University, Fullerton. Gleaves is the codirector of both the International Network of Doping Research and the Center for Sociocultural Sport and Olympic Research. He is also the associate editor for the journal Performance Enhancement and Health. His research and teaching focus on applied ethics and cultural history related to sport, physical activity, and society. Gleaves’ research has won several awards, including a Brocher Foundation fellowship.

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are free to course adopters and will be available at http://www.HumanKinetics.com/HistoryAndPhilosophyOfSportAndPhysicalActivity1E.

    Instructor guide. This guide includes chapter overviews, sample course syllabi, teaching tips, class activities, and annotated lists of additional resources.

    Test package. More than 140 questions—including fill-in-the-blank, true-or-false, multiple-choice, and short-answer—promote critical thinking.

    Presentation package. More than 180 slides can be rearranged, reformatted, and inserted into current presentations based on the needs of each particular classroom.

    The presentation package is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4925-2641-4