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Introduction to Recreation and Leisure 3rd Edition With Web Study Guide

Introduction to Recreation and Leisure 3rd Edition With Web Study Guide


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    Introduction to Recreation and Leisure, Third Edition, gives students a broad view of the field, offering them a solid foundation for understanding the industry they plan to enter upon graduation.

    Students learn from the perspectives of 52 leading professors, professionals, and emerging scholars from the United States, Canada, Brazil, China, and around the globe. Led by new editors, Tyler Tapps and Mary Sara Wells, these experts introduce recreation and leisure foundational concepts, delivery systems, and programming services. Students benefit from the diversity of perspectives and viewpoints from around the world as they learn about the similarities and differences in the industry from an international perspective.

    The following are new to this edition:
    • New editors and contributors from around the world, including emerging scholars
    • Updated data throughout the book
    • New chapter sections
    • An expanded chapter on international perspectives on sustainability and ecotourism
    • Real-world connections to recreation and leisure theories that help students consider career options
    • A web study guide with On the Job learning activities, a glossary, chapter overviews, article summaries, and recommendations of websites to explore
    A Strong Foundational Overview
    Introduction to Recreation and Leisure grounds students in the historical, philosophical, and social aspects of the industry. The authors offer fresh insights into community parks and recreation departments, nonprofit organizations, and commercial recreation and ecotourism enterprises. Students learn about various enriching educational programs and services for people of all ages.

    “The text encompasses a variety of services, including recreational sport management, outdoor and adventure recreation, health and wellness, and arts and culture,” says Tapps. “It also exposes students to career options and supports them as they explore their interests and prepare for challenging careers in the industry.”

    Text Contents
    The book is organized into three parts. In part I, students learn about the foundations of recreation and leisure, including the historical, philosophical, and social issues that have shaped the field. Part II explores various sectors of the field, including leisure service delivery systems, public recreation, the nonprofit sector, the for-profit sector (such as event and ecotourism enterprises), and therapeutic recreation, among others. Part III focuses on the programming of recreation and leisure services, including program delivery systems, recreational sport management, outdoor and adventure recreation, the nature of recreation and leisure as a profession, and more.

    Each chapter includes learning objectives that highlight the chapter’s important concepts, as well as an Outstanding Graduates feature that introduces former students who have gone on to successful careers in the field. A glossary of important terms is included in the web study guide, which is part of the ancillary package.

    The text is supported by an instructor guide, a test package, a PowerPoint presentation package, and a web study guide that contains chapter summaries and learning experiences. These resources make it easier for instructors to prepare for and manage their courses, and they help students retain what they learn from the text.

    Guidance for Students Making Career Choices
    This fully updated text, with its insights and perspectives from top professionals and professors from around the globe, opens up the world of recreation and leisure for students, offering them vital information that will help them make informed choices as they move forward in pursuit of careers in this growing field. With its cutting-edge view of recreation and leisure services, Introduction to Recreation and Leisure prepares students for success in the field of recreation and leisure.


    Undergraduate textbook for recreation and leisure majors and minors.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Foundations of Recreation and Leisure
    Chapter 1. Power, Promise, Potential, and Possibilities of Recreation and Leisure
    Ellen O’Sullivan
    What If?
    Welcome to the World of Recreation and Leisure
    Definitions of Play, Recreation, Leisure, and Flow
    Recreation and Leisure: Everywhere, Everyone, All the Time
    Values and Benefits of Recreation and Leisure
    Recreation and Leisure: The Less Desirable Side
    Trends in Recreation and Leisure
    Recreation and Leisure: A Passion, a Pursuit, a Profession
    Moving On
    Chapter 2. History of Recreation
    M. Rebecca Genoe, Douglas Kennedy, Jerome F. Singleton, Tristan Hopper, and Jill Sturts
    Tracing the Roots of Leisure
    Development of Recreation in the United States
    Development of Recreation in Canada
    Current Trends Affecting Recreation and Leisure
    Similarities Between Canada and the United States
    Chapter 3. Philosophy and Leisure
    Donald J. McLean
    Why Does Philosophy Matter?
    Metaphysics and Leisure
    Epistemology and Leisure
    Logic and Leisure
    Aesthetics and Leisure
    Ethics and Leisure
    Contemporary Philosophy of Leisure
    Solving Ethical Dilemmas in Leisure Services
    Chapter 4. Leisure and Recreation for Individuals in Society
    Juan Tortosa Martínez and Daniel G. Yoder
    Leisure as a Complex Social Phenomenon
    Similarity and Diversity in Recreation and Leisure
    Sexual Orientation
    Ethnicity and Race
    Socioeconomic Status
    Benefits and Constraints of Leisure
    Good and Bad Leisure and Recreation
    Implications for Professionals

    Part II. Leisure and Recreation as a Multifaceted Delivery System
    Chapter 5. Leisure Service Delivery Systems
    David N. Emanuelson
    Private Sector
    Private-Sector Leisure Service Delivery Systems
    Nonprofit Sector
    Nonprofit-Sector Leisure Service Delivery Systems
    Public Sector
    Municipal Public-Sector Leisure Service Delivery Systems
    Professional Preparation for Leisure Service Delivery
    Professional Accreditation
    Chapter 6. Parks and Protected Areas in Canada and the United States
    Paul F.J. Eagles and Jeffrey C. Hallo
    History of Parks in Canada
    Park Systems of Canada
    History of Parks in the United States
    Park Systems of the United States
    International Treaties and Protected Area Designations and Parks
    Comparing Canada and the United States
    Career Opportunities
    Challenges and Trends for the 21st Century
    Chapter 7. Public Recreation
    Susan Markham-Starr and Mary Sara Wells
    Historical Overview of Public Recreation in the United States
    Historical Overview of Public Recreation in Canada
    Delivery Systems in Public Recreation
    Partnerships: Connections to the Community
    Faces of Public Recreation
    Chameleon Profession: Ever Changing Societal Issues and Needs
    Political Realities: No Pain, No Gain
    Benefits of Recreation
    Terry Long
    Building Blocks of Inclusion
    Defining Inclusion
    Specialized Programs
    Chapter 8. Nonprofit Sector
    Robert F. Ashcraft
    Nonprofit Sector in the United States and Canada
    Types of National and Community-Based Nonprofit Recreation Organizations
    Professionals in Nonprofit Organizations
    Challenges and Opportunities for the Future
    Chapter 9. For-Profit Sector: Recreation, Event, and Tourism Enterprises
    Robert E. Pfister and Patrick T. Tierney
    Attributes of For-Profit Services
    RET Industry Model
    Considering an RET Career
    Trends and Challenges
    Chapter 10. Therapeutic Recreation
    Frances Stavola Daly and Robin Kunstler
    Defining Therapeutic Recreation
    History of Therapeutic Recreation
    Therapeutic Recreation Settings and Services
    Therapeutic Recreation Practice Models
    Therapeutic Recreation Process
    Your Future in Therapeutic Recreation
    Trends for the 21st Century
    Chapter 11. Unique Groups
    Amanda Deml and Tiffany Lundy
    History of Campus Recreation
    Organizational Structure
    Career Opportunities
    Trends in Campus Recreation
    Timothy Baghurst and Tyler Tapps
    Introduction to the Correctional System
    Types of Correction
    Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Correctional Recreation
    Recreation Programming
    Correctional Recreation Professionals
    Trends and Issues
    John Byl and David Kahan
    Differences Within Faith Traditions
    Differences Among Faith Traditions
    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and the National Recreation and Park Association Pillars Employment in Faith-Based Recreation
    Janet M. Bartnik and Jeffrey Ferguson
    Corporate Wellness and Health Promotion
    History of Worksite Wellness
    Community Health, Population Health, and Individual Health
    Benefits of Corporate Wellness and Health Promotion Programs
    Wellness and Health Promotion Program Planning and Operation
    Wellness and Health Promotion: Other Program Types
    Impacts of Recent Legislation
    Career Preparation
    Ryan Cane and Diane Blankenship
    Military Versus Civilian Recreation
    U.S. Armed Forces
    Canadian Armed Forces
    Military Recreation Program Areas
    Employment Opportunities
    Chapter 12. Leisure and Recreation Across the Life Span
    Tyler Tapps and Timothy Baghurst
    Leisure Functions Across the Life Span
    Generation Effect

    Part III. Delivering Recreation and Leisure Services
    Chapter 13. Program Delivery System
    Diane C. Blankenship
    Program Delivery History
    Mission and Outcomes
    Leadership Within the Program Delivery System
    Program Classification
    Program Formats
    Chapter 14. Recreational Sport Management
    H. Joey Gray and Robert J. Barcelona
    Examining Sport Management From a Recreational Perspective
    Defining Recreational Sport
    Five Programming Areas of Recreational Sport Management
    Scope of Participation in Recreational Sport
    Trends in Recreational Sport Management
    International Participation in Recreational Sport
    Career Opportunities
    Chapter 15. Health, Wellness, and Quality of Life
    Matthew Symonds, Rhonda Cross Beemer, and Terrance Robertson
    Personal Health
    The Wellness Perspective
    Quality of Life, Health, and Healthy Communities
    History in the Making: Healthy Communities
    Career Opportunities
    Chapter 16. Outdoor and Adventure Recreation
    Bruce Martin, Garrett Hutson, and Marni Goldenberg
    Definitions of Outdoor and Adventure Recreation Terms
    History of Outdoor and Adventure Recreation in Canada and the United States
    Settings and Delivery Systems
    Contemporary Trends and Issues in Outdoor and Adventure Recreation
    Chapter 17. Arts and Culture
    Julie Voelker-Morris
    Types of Arts and Cultural Experiences in Recreation and Leisure
    Types of Organizations and Roles Available
    Participation in Arts and Culture Activities
    Benefits of Arts and Cultural Recreation Opportunities
    Contemporary Trends for Recreation Professionals Who Implement Arts and Culture Activities
    Chapter 18. The Nature of Recreation and Leisure as a Profession
    Denise M. Anderson and Tracy L. Mainieri
    Value of the Profession and Benefits to the Professional
    Characteristics of the Recreation and Leisure Services Profession
    Nature of the Profession
    Career Planning
    Career Positioning: A Nine-Step Process
    Changes in the Field: Responding to an Ever-Changing World
    Chapter 19. International Perspectives on Recreation and Leisure
    Richard R. Jurin and Diane Gaede
    International Overview
    International Organizations
    Ecotourism and Nature Travel
    Recreation, Tourism, and Leisure Development and Advocacy
    Arianne C. Reis and Alcyane Marinho
    Historical Development of Recreation and Leisure in Brazil
    Types of Sectors, Segments, and Services
    Trends, Demand and Future Growth
    Jinyang Deng and Huimei Liu
    A Brief History of China’s Leisure Development
    Recreation Opportunities in China
    Challenges and Trends for the Future
    Franz U. Atare and Felicia S. Ekpu
    Historical Development of Recreation and Leisure in Nigeria
    Settings, Organization, and Structures
    Diverse Populations and Their Interests
    Challenges, Issues, and Trends
    About the Editors
    About the Contributors

    About the Editor

    Tyler Tapps, PhD, is an assistant professor at Northwest Missouri State University. He received his PhD in health, leisure, and human performance from Oklahoma State University in 2009. In 2015, he was certified as a park and recreation professional by the National Recreation and Park Association, from which he also received the Robert W. Crawford Young Professional Award. He also was awarded the Charles Adam Esslinger Outdoor Recreation Fellowship. Tapps is a military veteran with recreation programming experience in the military. He is a member of the Academy of Leisure Sciences board and is the president of the Leisure Educators section of Missouri Park and Recreation Association. He is also the chair of the Academy of Leisure Science’s Future Scholars program. Tapps enjoys running, working out, boating, and spending time with his wife and two sons.

    Mary Sara Wells, PhD, is an associate professor in the University of Utah’s department of parks, recreation, and tourism. She teaches courses in youth development, community recreation, and sport management.

    Since 2004, Wells has researched sportsmanship issues in youth sport. She has published her research in numerous journals, presented at several national and international conferences, and conducted trainings and evaluations for multiple municipal youth sport agencies across the country.


    Instructor Guide. Includes chapter summaries, review questions, activities and assignments, and an annotated list of websites. This guide has been updated to support today’s students and bridge the gap between the foundations presented in the book and the changing landscape of the recreation industry.

    Presentation Package. Features slides that highlight the most important concepts, illustrations, and tables from the book.

    Test Package. Includes a variety of test questions (multiple-choice, true/false, and fill-in-the-blank) from each chapter in the book. Teachers can create their own tests from the questions or use the test package as is.

    Chapter Quiz. Contains 8-10 questions for each chapter in multiple-choice and true-or-false format that instructors can use in their lessons to gauge student comprehension.

    Web Study Guide. Students get access to glossary terms, chapter quizzes, chapter summaries, On the Job learning activities (one per chapter), research prompts, and recommendations of websites to explore.

    All ancillary materials for this text are FREE to course adopters and available online at