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Long-Term Athlete Development eBook

Long-Term Athlete Development eBook

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£31.66

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    Ebook

    Long-Term Athlete Development describes how to systematically develop sporting excellence and increase active participation in local, regional, and national sport organizations. This resource describes the long-term athlete development (LTAD) model, an approach to athlete-centered sport that combines skill instruction with long-term planning and an understanding of human development. By learning about LTAD, sport administrators and coaches will gain the knowledge and tools to enhance participation and improve performance and growth of athletes.

    This text offers the first in-depth and practical explanation of the LTAD model. Long-Term Athlete Development integrates current research on talent development and assessment into practice to help sport leaders plan athletic development across the life span or design detailed programs for a particular group, including those with physical and cognitive disabilities. Authors Balyi, Way, and Higgs—pioneers and veteran LTAD facilitators—critique current talent development models, discuss the limitations of the LTAD model, and demonstrate the benefits of LTAD as a new approach. By integrating knowledge of these models, readers are able to analyze their own programs and take steps to improve sport and coaching philosophies and reach adherence and performance goals.

    Explanations and visuals of concepts help readers understand the state of knowledge in talent identification and long-term athlete development. Chapter-opening vignettes offer examples of how the LTAD model can be used to alleviate common issues. Listings at the end of each chapter offer sources for further study, and reflection questions guide readers in applying the content. The text offers a logical presentation of current research:

    • Key factors that guide and shape the LTAD model, such as physical literacy, the differences between early- and late-specialization sports, and variations in trainability across the life span
    • Information on the time needed to develop excellence in sport and how periodization of training is related to the developmental stage of the athlete
    • The seven stages of LTAD, from development of fundamental movement skills to training for elite competition and the transition to lifelong physical activity
    • Considerations in the development of optimal programs for participants passing through each of the seven stages

    Long-Term Athlete Development is an essential guide to improving the quality of sport, developing high-performance athletes, and creating healthy, active citizens. It offers parents, coaches, and sport administrators a deeper understanding of the LTAD model, helping them create an enjoyable, developmentally appropriate environment for both competitive athletes and enthusiastic participants.

    Audience

    Reference for youth sport organizers and administrators, coaches, national governing bodies, and policy makers involved in sport and physical activity at the regional and national levels; text for undergraduate students in coaching and talent development courses in sport science programs.

    Table of Contents

    Preface

    Part I. Introduction to Long-Term Athlete Development
    Chapter 1. Long-Term Athlete Deveopment Model
    Beginnings of LTAD
    LTAD Model Explained
    Sport for Life Philosophy
    Framework for Working Together
    Guide for Participating in Sport and Physical Activity
    Tool for Change
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 2. Athletes With Disabilities
    Sport for People With Disabilities
    LTAD Stages for Athletes With Disabilities
    Special Considerations
    Supporting Athletes With Disabilities
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Part II. Key Factors in Long-Term Athlete Development
    Chapter 3. Physical Literacy
    Physical Literacy Definitions
    Physical Literacy Development in Children
    Appropriate Skill Development in Children
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 4. Specialization
    Specialization Defined
    Negative Consequences of Specializing Too Early
    Positive Effects of Specialization at the Optimal Time
    Optimal Time to Specialize
    Specialization Groups
    Sport-Specific Specialization Athlete Development Models
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 5. Age
    Age Categories
    Relative Age
    Developmental Age
    Measuring and Monitoring Growth
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 6. Trainability
    Sensitive Periods of Trainability
    Trainability of Stamina
    Trainability of Strength
    Trainability of Speed
    Trainability of Skill
    Trainability of Suppleness
    Training and Competition During Puberty
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 7. Intellectual, Emotional, and Moral Development
    Capacities
    Interplay of Intellectual, Emotional and Moral Development
    Physical Development
    Intellectual Development
    Emotional Development
    Moral Development
    Influence of Intellectual, Emotional, and Moral Development on LTAD
    Learning Styles
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 8. Excellence Takes Time
    Importance of Practice in Excellence
    Importance of Multisport Participation and Free Play
    Importance of the Physical, Cognitive, and Emotional Domains to Excellence
    Perils of Premature Selection
    Keys to Achieving Necessary Training Hours
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 9. Periodization
    Periodization and LTAD
    Components of Periodization
    10-Step Approach to Creating an Annual Plan
    Implementing the 10 Steps of an Annual Cycle
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 10. Competition
    Competition and LTAD
    Issues in Competition
    Making Good Decisions
    Training-to-Competition Ratios Through the Stages
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 11. Sport System Alignment and Integration
    System Alignment From an Individual Perspective
    System Alignment From a Sport Organization Perspective
    System Alignment From a Sector Perspective
    LTAD and S4LImplications for Policy Development
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 12. Continuous Improvement
    Technology Changes
    Paradigm Changes
    Influencing Change
    Actions for Continuous Improvement
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Part III. Stages of Long-Term Athlete Development
    Chapter 13. Active Start
    Active Start Importance
    Physical Activity and the Brain
    Critical and Sensitive Periods
    Maturity and Body Movements
    Appropriate Activities and Programs
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 14. Fundamentals
    Evolution of Skills
    Fundamental Movement Skills
    Locomotor Skills in Varied Environments
    Attaining All of the Fundamental Movement Skills
    Learning and Teaching Fundamental Movement Skills
    Key Training and Performance Characteristics
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 15. Learn to Train
    Learn to Train Basics
    Key Training and Performance Characteristics
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 16. Train to Train
    Train to Train Basics
    Key Training and Performance Characteristics
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Chapter 17. Train to Compete
    Train to Compete Basics
    Key Training and Performance Characteristics
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    Summary
    To Learn More

    Chapter 18. Train to Win
    Train to Win Basics
    Key Training and Performance Characteristics
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    Summary
    To Learn More

    Chapter 19. Active for Life
    Active for Life Basics
    Importance of Active for Life
    Competitive for Life Basics
    Fit for Life Basics
    Sport and Physical Activity Leaders
    Summary
    Questions for Reflection
    References
    To Learn More

    Epilogue
    Appendix A: Yearly Training Chart
    Appendix B: Step-by-Step Process for Creating an Annual Training, Competition, and Recovery Program for Developing Athletes
    Index
    About the Authors

    About the Author

    Istvan Balyi, MA, is a sport consultant and expert in Canadian Sport for Life and long-term athlete development. Balyi has served as a sport scientist in residence at the National Coaching Institute in Victoria, British Columbia, and remains involved in the program delivery of planning and periodization and LTAD.

    As one of the architects of the long-term athlete development model, Balyi has served as an LTAD advisor for 50 sports in 7 countries and facilitated the use of LTAD for more than 20 countries. Balyi has worked with 17 Canadian national teams as a high-performance consultant and been responsible for athletic development planning and periodization for multiple Olympic medalists. In addition, Balyi has taught planning, periodization, and LTAD modules in Australia, Bahrain, Chile, England, Ireland, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Portugal, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, the United Sates, the Netherlands, and Wales.

    Balyi resides in Victoria, British Columbia, where he enjoys reading, listening to music, and cooking.

    Richard Way, MBA, is Canadian Sport for Life’s Senior Leader and is an expert on long-term athlete development. He is also a principal of Citius Performance Corporation and serves on the faculty of the Institute for Global Studies at the University of Delaware.

    Way developed the LTAD model along with Istvan Balyi and has served as a long-term athlete development advisor for 30 sports in 4 countries. He has also facilitated the use of LTAD in over 50 countries.

    As a chartered professional coach, Way represented Canada as a luge racer and coach for over 10 years. Way holds a Medal of Honor for Exceptional Contributions to the Development of the International Luge Sport awarded by the Federation Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL). He received his advanced diploma in coaching in 2005 from the National Coaching Institute.

    Way is president of the International Sport for Life Society. He was also the director of sport for Vancouver’s successful 2010 Bid Corporation. Way enjoys spending time with his children in community sports, traveling, and playing soccer and hockey. He resides in Victoria, British Columbia.

    Colin Higgs, PhD, is a sport consultant and expert in long-term athlete development. He has worked with many national governments and nongovernmental sport and disability sport organizations in North America, the Caribbean, southern Africa, and central Asia.

    As a consultant, Higgs is currently involved in the redevelopment of the Caribbean Coaching Certification Program and the design, development, and implementation of a youth sport program in the Caribbean to reduce the incidence and impact of HIV/ AIDS. Higgs is working to transform the Canadian sport system with the goals of decreased negative medical consequences of physical inactivity and increased international sport performance for Canada’s athletes.

    Higgs is a frequent presenter at international conferences and has authored more than 60 publications on physical literary, long-term athlete development, and coaching with special emphasis on individuals with disabilities.

    In 2013 Higgs was the inaugural recipient of the International Paralympic Committee’s Sport Science Awards and also received the Queen’s 60th Jubilee Medal for community service to Canada in support of reducing physical inactivity. He is a professor emeritus at Memorial University of Newfoundland in Canada. Higgs resides in Sydenham, Ontario, Canada.

    Reviews

    “An indispensable guide for any coach or parent concerned with making sport healthier and more ethical. This book brings fresh ideas to the practice of sport and truly represents thinking outside the box. As human beings, we only have one body so we need to treat it well. Too many athletes leave sport with long-term injuries and a record of underperformance. The ideas in this book can change that and allow everyone in sport to get the most out of talents and ambitions.”

    Jim Denison-- Professor, University of Alberta, Director, Canadian Athletics Coaching Centre

    “The authors show that programs of sport and wellness can be complementary, not mutually exclusive. Thus, long-term athlete development is consistent with the goals of North American initiatives—Sport Canada, the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition.”

    CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries