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Monitoring Training and Performance in Athletes

Monitoring Training and Performance in Athletes


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    The use of athlete and team training and performance monitoring systems has grown due to technology advances. Practitioners who work with athletes from high school to elite levels in a range of sports use these systems to observe athlete data, including exercise intensity, athletic fitness, and body responses. Monitoring Training and Performance in Athletes is a compilation of evidence-based guidelines and best practices of athlete monitoring for practitioners, who are increasingly being asked to implement monitoring systems and to collect, analyze, and interpret data that ultimately result in training adjustments to optimize performance.

    Author Mike McGuigan, an award-winning sport scientist, blends research-based concepts with practical application strategies of monitoring training and performance in athletes. The content highlights what can be monitored, such as body stress, biochemical markers, and hormonal response; discusses reliability of modern methods, such as wearable technology and questionnaires; and helps readers understand how to interpret data to modify training programs in real time. Readers will find guidelines, approaches, and solutions for challenges in athlete monitoring for individual and team sports as well as suggestions for integrating monitoring with coaching.

    Numerous sidebars in the text provide real-world examples and application of the content to assist readers in understanding concepts and the cutting-edge, evidence-based research on athlete monitoring. Additionally, the full-color illustrations and photographs provide a visual interpretation of the information presented.

    With broad international appeal, this text outlines the most pertinent evidence-based research concepts and studies on athlete monitoring. Strength and conditioning, athletic training, and personal training professionals who work with athletes and monitor training programs will find Monitoring Training and Performance in Athletes an invaluable guide in managing monitoring systems and making adjustments in training programs based on the data to help athletes and teams achieve peak performance.


    Applied guide for strength and conditioning, athletic training, and personal training professionals and coaches who work with athletes and monitor training programs; professional reference for researchers and sport scientists studying athlete-monitoring practices and technologies.

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Why Monitor Athletes?
    Stress Response to a Training Session
    Adaptation to a Training Program
    Risk of Overreaching, Overtraining, Sickness, and Injury
    Importance of Individualized Monitoring
    Chapter 2. Research Tools for Athlete Monitoring
    Basic Statistical Tools for Practitioners
    Descriptive Statistics
    Meaningful Change
    Correlation and Relationships
    Presentation of Results
    Qualitative Analysis
    Chapter 3. Physiological Effects of Training Stress
    General Adaptation Syndrome Model
    Fitness-Fatigue Model
    Stimulus-Fatigue-Recovery-Adaptation Model
    Applications of the Models
    Fatigue Continuum
    Overreaching and Overtraining
    Interdisciplinary and Multifactorial Approaches to Avoid Overtraining
    Chapter 4. Quantifying Training Stress
    Measurement Tools
    External Load
    Internal Load
    Chapter 5. Measures of Fitness and Fatigue
    Neuromuscular Fatigue
    Heart Rate
    Hormonal and Biochemical Markers
    Immunological Markers
    Performance Tests
    Chapter 6. Current Monitoring Practices and Technologies
    Monitoring Practices in Sport
    Monitoring Technologies
    Data from Monitoring Technology
    Applications of Monitoring Technology
    Chapter 7. Integrating Monitoring With Coaching
    Art and Science of Monitoring
    Monitoring Data Within a Training Session
    Providing Monitoring Feedback to Athletes
    Barriers to Effective Athlete Monitoring
    Conducting In-House Monitoring Projects
    Chapter 8. Athlete Monitoring Guidelines for Individual Sports
    Individual Sport Athletes
    Monitoring in Individual Sports on a Budget
    Monitoring With Training Diaries
    Applying Monitoring in Individual Sports
    Reporting One Week of Monitoring for an Athlete
    Modifying Training Based on Monitoring
    Considerations for Monitoring Athletes in Individual Sports
    Chapter 9. Athlete Monitoring Guidelines for Team Sports
    Team Sport Athletes
    Monitoring in Team Sports on a Budget
    Applying Monitoring in Team Sports
    Monitoring System for Team Sport
    Reporting One Week of Monitoring for a Team Sport
    Modifying Training Based on Monitoring
    Considerations for Monitoring Athletes in Team Sports
    About the Author

    About the Author

    Mike McGuigan, PhD, CSCS, is a professor of strength and conditioning at Auckland University of Technology (AUT) in New Zealand and a member of AUT’s Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand. He is one of the world’s leading scientific researchers on athlete monitoring and is highly regarded internationally for his work on resistance training and strength and power development.

    Before working at AUT, McGuigan was at Edith Cowan University and the University of Wisconsin–La Crosse and worked as a sport scientist for High Performance Sport New Zealand. He also has vast experience as an athlete monitoring consultant for elite athletes and coaches, working with high-profile New Zealand sport teams such as the All Blacks and the Silver Ferns.

    McGuigan is a strength and conditioning specialist certified by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA). He received the NSCA’s Outstanding Young Investigator of the Year Award in 2007 and the William J. Kraemer Most Outstanding Sport Scientist Award in 2016. He serves as an associate editor of the Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, and the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance.