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Outdoor Education


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    Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies will show students how to
    • use physical, cognitive, and affective methods to teach lessons in different settings to different audiences;
    • link educational theories to teaching methods and choose the best method for each setting; and
    • implement strategies with easy-to-use forms and lesson plans.

    Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies provides all the necessary information and tools for teaching outdoor education. It applies educational theories to outdoor teaching methods and helps educators choose the instructional strategy that will work best for their audience, whether they’re in a school, nature center, adventure center, camp, environmental learning center, government agency, or university. This text includes the following features:
    • Easy-to-use forms for designing, implementing, and evaluating outdoor lesson plans
    • Six highly detailed sample lesson plans, representing a variety of settings for different age groups and abilities and using physical, cognitive, and affective methods
    • Teaching tips, real-life case studies, and interactive exercises to apply concepts in each chapter

    Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies contains practical lesson plans and examples that go beyond the normal scope of a text. It includes key concepts, objectives, and summaries for each chapter, and it presents an extensive set of educational methods and applications to foster optimal learning.

    Part I defines what outdoor education is and details the professional expectations of an outdoor educator. It also explores educational theories that support outdoor education, including developmental stages, learning stages, and constructivism.

    Part II covers teacher preparation, including understanding the backgrounds and abilities of participants, creating a successful learning environment, teaching effectively in a variety of outdoor settings, and designing lesson plans.

    In part III, the authors explore methods and delivery of outdoor education. They examine the uses of physical, cognitive, and affective methods for teaching, and they provide six ready-to-use sample lessons. They also help readers reflect on, evaluate, and improve their lesson plans through experimentation.

    Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies will benefit all educators, new or veteran, in enhancing their audience’s awareness, appreciation, and knowledge of the outdoors. Ultimately, it will advance educators’ abilities to increase people’s enjoyment and understanding of the environment.

    Table of Contents


    Part I. Foundations of Outdoor Education
    Chapter 1. Defining Outdoor Education
    Why the Outdoors?
    A Model of Outdoor Education
    Environmental Education
    Adventure Education
    Experiential Education
    Education Structure
    Development of Outdoor Education
    Rationale for Teaching Outdoors
    Chapter 2. Describing the Outdoor Educator
    Professional Responsibilities
    Chapter 3. Theories and Foundations in Outdoor Education
    Theories in Outdoor Education
    Learning Theories

    Part II. Preparation for Teaching Outdoors
    Chapter 4. Understanding Participants
    Audience Assessment
    Age and Cognitive Development
    Medical Conditions
    Group Familiarity
    Culture and Ethnicity
    Strategies for Teaching Diverse Audiences
    Chapter 5. Creating the Learning Environment
    Foundations of the Learning Environment
    Components of Successful Learning Environments
    Chapter 6. Outdoor Education Settings
    Site Selection
    Learning Barriers
    Record Keeping
    Special Settings: Lessons in the Night
    Chapter 7. Designing Lessons
    Advantages of Lesson Plans

    Part III. Methods and Delivery of Outdoor Education
    Chapter 8. Physical Methods
    Physical Skills Development
    Physical Manipulation
    Activities, Games, and Competitions
    Initiatives and Ropes Courses
    Chapter 9. Cognitive Methods
    Lecture and Discussion
    Service Learning
    Written Materials
    Peer Teaching
    Chapter 10. Affective Methods
    Guided Discovery
    Visual Imagery
    Scenarios and Case Studies
    Chapter 11. Sample Lessons
    Night Hike
    Map and Compass
    Maple Sugar Bush
    Fishing Ethics
    Concepts for Sea Kayakers
    Chapter 12. Your Future in Outdoor Education
    Working With Mainstream Education
    State Standards and High-Stakes Testing
    Professional Certification
    Education or Advocacy?
    Strategic Planning for Professional Growth
    Moving Forward in Outdoor Education

    Appendix A. Professional Organizations in the United States
    Appendix B. Sample Forms
    About the Authors

    Sample Content

       Map and CompassMap and Compass