BookOutdoor Education: Methods and Strategies will show students how to
- use physical, cognitive, and affective methods to teach lessons in different settings to different audiences;
- link educational theories to teaching methods and choose the best method for each setting; and
- implement strategies with easy-to-use forms and lesson plans.
Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies provides all the necessary information and tools for teaching outdoor education. It applies educational theories to outdoor teaching methods and helps educators choose the instructional strategy that will work best for their audience, whether they’re in a school, nature center, adventure center, camp, environmental learning center, government agency, or university. This text includes the following features:
- Easy-to-use forms for designing, implementing, and evaluating outdoor lesson plans
- Six highly detailed sample lesson plans, representing a variety of settings for different age groups and abilities and using physical, cognitive, and affective methods
- Teaching tips, real-life case studies, and interactive exercises to apply concepts in each chapter
Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies contains practical lesson plans and examples that go beyond the normal scope of a text. It includes key concepts, objectives, and summaries for each chapter, and it presents an extensive set of educational methods and applications to foster optimal learning.
Part I defines what outdoor education is and details the professional expectations of an outdoor educator. It also explores educational theories that support outdoor education, including developmental stages, learning stages, and constructivism.
Part II covers teacher preparation, including understanding the backgrounds and abilities of participants, creating a successful learning environment, teaching effectively in a variety of outdoor settings, and designing lesson plans.
In part III, the authors explore methods and delivery of outdoor education. They examine the uses of physical, cognitive, and affective methods for teaching, and they provide six ready-to-use sample lessons. They also help readers reflect on, evaluate, and improve their lesson plans through experimentation.
Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies will benefit all educators, new or veteran, in enhancing their audience’s awareness, appreciation, and knowledge of the outdoors. Ultimately, it will advance educators’ abilities to increase people’s enjoyment and understanding of the environment.
Table of ContentsPreface
Part I. Foundations of Outdoor Education
Chapter 1. Defining Outdoor Education
Why the Outdoors?
A Model of Outdoor Education
Development of Outdoor Education
Rationale for Teaching Outdoors
Chapter 2. Describing the Outdoor Educator
Chapter 3. Theories and Foundations in Outdoor Education
Theories in Outdoor Education
Part II. Preparation for Teaching Outdoors
Chapter 4. Understanding Participants
Age and Cognitive Development
Culture and Ethnicity
Strategies for Teaching Diverse Audiences
Chapter 5. Creating the Learning Environment
Foundations of the Learning Environment
Components of Successful Learning Environments
Chapter 6. Outdoor Education Settings
Special Settings: Lessons in the Night
Chapter 7. Designing Lessons
Advantages of Lesson Plans
Part III. Methods and Delivery of Outdoor Education
Chapter 8. Physical Methods
Physical Skills Development
Activities, Games, and Competitions
Initiatives and Ropes Courses
Chapter 9. Cognitive Methods
Lecture and Discussion
Chapter 10. Affective Methods
Scenarios and Case Studies
Chapter 11. Sample Lessons
Map and Compass
Maple Sugar Bush
Concepts for Sea Kayakers
Chapter 12. Your Future in Outdoor Education
Working With Mainstream Education
State Standards and High-Stakes Testing
Education or Advocacy?
Strategic Planning for Professional Growth
Moving Forward in Outdoor Education
Appendix A. Professional Organizations in the United States
Appendix B. Sample Forms
About the Authors