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Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance 2nd Edition PDF With Web Resource

Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance 2nd Edition PDF With Web Resource

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    Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition With Web Resource, updates and expands on the popular first edition, providing an in-depth discussion of physiological adaptation to exercise. Students will learn the importance of an evidence-based approach in prescribing exercise, while sports medicine professionals and health care providers will appreciate using the text as a primary reference on conditioning and performance of athletes. A range of topics are covered, including environmental influences on performance, hydration status, sport nutrition, sport supplements, and performance-enhancing drugs. The book is focused on physiological adaptation to exercise with a goal of providing practical applications to facilitate exercise prescriptions for a variety of athletes.

    Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition, is organized into five parts. The first part examines physiological adaptation and the effects of various modes of training on biochemical, hormonal, muscular, cardiovascular, neural, and immunological adaptations. The second part covers principles of exercise training and prescription. The third part discusses nutrition, hydration status, sport supplementation, and performance-enhancing drugs. The fourth part focuses on environmental factors and their influence on sport performance. The fifth and final part is focused on how certain medical and health conditions influence sport performance.

    Updates in this second edition focus on cutting-edge knowledge in sport science and sports medicine, including the latest information on physiological adaptations to exercise; current trends for training for power, speed, and agility; eye-opening discussions on sport supplementation and performance-enhancing drugs; data on training with medical conditions such as diabetes and exercise-induced bronchospasm; and groundbreaking information on training in heat and cold and at altitude. In addition, new chapters offer a practical approach to the yearly training program and sudden death in sport.

    The second edition also incorporates the following features to enhance practical application and facilitate students’ learning:

    • A new web resource includes 80 drills and 41 video demonstrations that help readers understand how to implement the various exercises.

    • Chapter objectives provide an overview of key content in each chapter.

    • Chapter review questions help students assess their learning.

    • In Practice sidebars bring chapter content to life in a practical manner and help students better understand the material.

    Students and instructors will benefit from the new web resource, which features 80 drills and detailed instruction on performing each drill. The drills can be used for a dynamic warm-up or to enhance speed and agility. Most drills are accompanied by at least one photo showing how to perform a key movement of the drill. Forty of the drills are accompanied by a video of the drill being performed in its entirety, and a dynamic warm-up routine video features 10 warm-up exercises.

    Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition, provides a strong basis for understanding adaptation to exercise and appreciating how changes in program variables can alter training adaptations. All the information in this text is presented in an attractive, reader-friendly format that is conducive to learning. The text serves as both a key educational tool and a primary reference for exercise prescription for athletes.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Physiological Adaptations to Exercise

    Chapter 1. Neuromuscular System and Exercise

    Muscle Structure

    Muscle Contraction

    Neuromuscular System

    Muscle Fiber Types

    Muscle Recruitment

    Muscle Proprioceptors

    Neuromuscular Adaptations to Exercise Training

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 2. Endocrine System and Exercise

    Overview of the Endocrine System

    Hormonal Transport and Binding Proteins

    Hormones and Exercise

    Metabolic Hormones

    Fluid Regulatory Hormones

    Opioids and Exercise

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 3. Metabolic System and Exercise

    ATP-PC Energy Source

    Glycolytic Energy Source

    Lactic Acid Controversy

    Lactate Shuttle

    Oxidative Energy Source

    Interaction of the Energy Sources

    Metabolic Adaptations to Endurance Training

    Metabolic Adaptations to Anaerobic Exercise

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 4. Cardiovascular System and Exercise

    Overview of Cardiovascular System

    Overview of Respiratory System

    Cardiovascular Response to Acute Exercise

    Pulmonary Ventilation During Exercise

    Cardiovascular Response to Training

    Respiratory Adaptations to Training

    Training Effects on Minute Ventilation and Ventilatory Equivalent

    Effects of Training on Blood Volume and Red Blood Cells

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 5. Immunological System and Exercise

    Cells of the Immune System

    Lymphocytes

    Immunoglobulins

    Cytokines

    Complement System

    Acute-Phase Proteins

    Exercise and Immune Response

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Part II. Exercise Training Principles and Prescriptions

    Chapter 6. Principles of Training

    Specificity Principle

    Overload Principle

    Progression Principle

    Individuality Principle

    Principle of Diminishing Returns

    Principle of Reversibility

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 7. Warm-Up, Flexibility, and Balance Training

    Warm-Up

    Flexibility

    Stability and Balance Training

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 8. Resistance Training

    Resistance Training Program Development

    Various Modes of Resistance Training

    Alternative Methods of Resistance Training

    Resistance Training Effects on the Components of Fitness

    Women and Resistance Training

    Examples of Resistance Training Programs

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 9. Power Training

    Scientific Basis for Power Training

    Relationship Between Force, Velocity, and Power

    Training Methods for Power Development

    Plyometrics

    Ballistic Training

    Olympic Weightlifting

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 10. Anaerobic Conditioning

    Anaerobic Conditioning

    Selection of Rest Intervals for Anaerobic Conditioning

    Anaerobic Conditioning Exercises

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 11. Speed and Agility Development

    Speed Development

    Agility Development

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 12. Endurance Training

    Physiological Adaptations to Endurance Training

    Factors Relating to Endurance Performance

    Endurance Exercise Prescription

    Endurance Training Programs

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 13. Concurrent Training

    Effect of Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training on V\od\O2

    Effect of Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training on Maximal Strength

    Effect of Sequence of Training on Endurance and Strength Improvements

    Effect of Concurrent Training on Muscle Growth and Muscle Fiber Characteristics

    Effect of Concurrent Training on Protein Signaling

    Effect of Concurrent Training on Hormonal Adaptations

    Effect of Concurrent Training on Basal Metabolic Rate and Weight Loss

    Effects of Combined Sprint and Resistance Training

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 14. Periodization

    Periodization for All Disciplines

    Models of Periodization

    Efficacy of Periodization

    Periodized Training Program for a Strength–Power Athlete in a Team Sport

    Periodized Training Program for a Strength–Power Athlete Preparing for a Specific Event

    Periodized Training Program for an Endurance Athlete

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 15. Program Development and Implementation

    Training Sessions

    Off-Season Training Program

    Preparatory–Hypertrophy Phase

    Strength Phase

    Competitive Season (Maintenance Phase)

    Training Program Considerations for Aerobic Endurance Athletes

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 16. Athletic Performance Testing and Normative Data

    Factors Affecting Performance Testing

    Administrative Considerations for Assessment

    Tests for Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation

    Strength

    Anaerobic Power and Anaerobic Fitness

    Maximal Aerobic Capacity and Aerobic Endurance

    Speed

    Agility

    Body Composition

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Part III. Nutrition, Fluid Regulation, and Nutritional Supplementation

    Chapter 17. Sports Nutrition

    Classes of Nutrients and Their Functions

    Nutrient Utilization in Athletic Performance

    Timing of Nutritional Intake

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 18. Hydration

    Water Balance at Rest and During Exercise

    Effects of Hypohydration on Physiological Function

    Electrolyte Balance During Exercise

    Effects of Hypohydration on Performance

    Fluid Replacement During Exercise

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 19. Dietary Supplementation

    Dietary Supplement Regulation

    Dietary Supplements for Muscle Growth and Strength–Power Development

    Creatine

    β -Hydroxy- β-Methylbutyrate

    Dietary Supplements for Intracellular and Intercellular Buffering

    Dietary Supplements for Energy

    Popular Dietary Supplements That May Have Ergogenic Potential

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 20. Performance-Enhancing Drugs

    Anabolic Steroids

    Testosterone Precursors

    Masking Agents

    Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

    Anti-Estrogens

    Growth Hormone

    Thyroid Drugs

    Central Nervous System Stimulants

    Site Enhancement Drugs

    Blood Doping

    Erythropoietin

    β-Blockers

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Part IV. Environmental Factors

    Chapter 21. Heat

    Physiological Response to Exercise in the Heat

    Heat and Performance

    Heat Acclimatization

    Heat Illnesses

    Monitoring Heat Stress

    Heat Stress Indices

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 22. Cold

    Cold Stress: Factors Contributing to Heat Loss

    Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold

    Acclimatization to the Cold

    Exercise Performance and the Cold

    Medical Concerns

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 23. Altitude

    The Hypobaric Environment

    Physiological Response to Altitude

    Effect of Altitude on Athletic Performance

    Altitude Acclimatization

    Chronic Altitude Exposure and Benefits for Endurance Performance

    Training at Altitude for Improved Performance at Altitude

    Training at Altitude for Improved Performance at Sea Level

    Simulated Altitude and Ethical Issues

    Clinical Problems Associated With Acute Exposure to Altitude

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Part V. Medical and Health Conditions

    Chapter 24. Overtraining

    Definitions of Overtraining

    Contributing Factors

    Comparison of Endurance and Strength–Power Athletes

    Susceptibility to Overtraining

    Recognition of Overtraining

    Methods Used to Monitor Athletic Performance

    Treatment of Overtraining

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 25. Diabetes

    Overview of Diabetes Mellitus

    Exercise and Diabetes

    Exercise Prescription for Athletes With Diabetes

    Exercise Prescription for Noncompetitive, Recreational Athletes With Diabetes

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 26. Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm

    What Is Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm?

    Pathophysiology of EIB

    Diagnosis of EIB

    Factors Modifying the Asthmatic Response to Exercise

    Treatment of EIB

    How to Exercise With Asthma (Nonpharmacologic Therapy)

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 27. Sudden Death in Sports

    Sickle Cell Trait

    Exertional Heatstroke

    Cardiac Events

    Traumatic Brain Injury

    Summary

    Review Questions

    About the Author

    Jay Hoffman, PhD, is the director of the Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness and a professor of sport and exercise science at the University of Central Florida. He is also the chair of the education and human sciences department. Long recognized as an expert in the field of exercise physiology, Hoffman has more than 190 publications in refereed journals, book chapters, and books, and he has lectured at more than 370 national and international conferences and meetings. A former professional athlete, Hoffman has coached elite athletes and conducted research on them throughout his professional career. This combination of the practical and the theoretical provides him with a unique perspective on writing for both coaches and academic faculty.

    Hoffman was elected president of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) in 2009. He was awarded the 2005 Outstanding Kinesiological Professional Award by the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut, the 2007 Outstanding Sport Scientist of the Year by the NSCA, and the 2000 Outstanding Junior Investigator Award by the NSCA. A fellow of both the American College of Sports Medicine and National Strength and Conditioning Association, Hoffman is the editor of NSCA’s Guide to Program Design (Human Kinetics, 2012) and the author of Norms for Fitness, Performance, and Health (Human Kinetics, 2006). He earned his PhD in exercise science from the University of Connecticut.

    Reviews

    “There is little that this book does not offer to readers looking for an evidence-based book on athlete performance and exercise science. The author is well respected in the field and offers a high-quality book supported by the latest in peer-reviewed evidence.”

    --Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)

    Ancillaries

    Free to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/PhysiologicalAspectsOfSportTrainingAndPerformance.

    Image bank. Contains all of the content photos, figures, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. The image bank can be used to enhance lecture notes, build a PowerPoint presentation, and create student handouts.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-6504-5

    Web resource. Features 80 drills and detailed instruction on performing each drill. The drills can be used for a dynamic warm-up, for enhancing speed and agility, and for plyometrics. Most drills are accompanied by at least one photo showing how to perform a key movement of the drill. Forty of the drills are accompanied by a video of the drill performed in its entirety, and a dynamic warm-up routine video features 10 warm-up exercises.

    The web resource is also available for purchase separately • ISBN 978-1-4504-6512-0