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Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness-2nd Edition

Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness-2nd Edition


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    Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness, Second Edition, contains detailed descriptions of a range of accepted fitness assessment methods. This resource focuses on the general population, not just elite athletes.

    Following in the footsteps of the highly successful first edition, Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness, Second Edition, summarizes the current scientific methods for assessment in areas such as:
    • aerobic and anaerobic power;
    • capacity for sustained exercise using blood lactate, respiratory markers, and heart rate markers;
    • pulmonary gas exchange;
    • mechanical power and strength;
    • body composition;
    • joint range of motion; and
    • field testing of athletes.

    The authors, highly respected exercise physiologists, have made significant changes in each chapter to provide up-to-date coverage of the topics and to offer complete descriptions of the techniques, procedures, and norms for accurate and effective fitness testing. In addition, the authors have included new chapters on the use of near-infrared spectrophotometry and the potential for heart rate variability in assessment. As a result, readers learn how to measure and interpret physiological changes resulting from different types of training programs for sport and for health improvement.

    Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness, Second Edition, provides practical, detailed descriptions of a range of accepted laboratory and field methods for assessing human fitness. It is an invaluable reference for professionals and students involved in human fitness assessment, including exercise physiology practitioners, graduate students in exercise physiology, exercise science researchers, sports medicine practitioners, and human fitness evaluators.

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Fitness Assessment Defined
    Peter J. Maud
    • Historical Perspectives
    • Energy Systems Approach
    • Health Fitness
    • Fitness Evaluation for Athletic Participation
    • Perceptual Motor Domain
    • Rationale for Text Test Items
    • Summary

    Chapter 2. Direct Determination of Aerobic Power
    James A. Davis
    • Measurement of VO2max
    • Criteria for Achievement of VO2max
    • Reference Values
    • Summary

    Chapter 3. Indirect Methods for Estimation of Aerobic Power
    Véronique Billat
    Philippe Lopes
    • Indirect Estimation of VO2max Using Power Output or Velocity
    • Determination of VO2max From Speed
    • Determination of VO2max Using Nonexercise Measurements
    • Estimation of VO2max Using Simple Calculations and the Critical Speed Concept
    • Estimation of VO2max Using an Estimation of the Oxygen Cost of Running and Walking
    • Estimation of VO2max Using a Heart Rate Monitor
    • Estimation of VO2max From the Running or Walking Ascent of a Mountain
    • Estimation of VO2max Using Heart Rate Variability at Rest
    • Summary

    Chapter 4. Heart Rate Variability: Measurement Methods and Practical Implications
    Philippe Lopes
    John White
    • Control Mechanisms and the Conducting System
    • Measurement Methods
    • Practical Implications
    • Practical Example
    • Heart Rate Variability Measures in Coronary Heart Rate Disease Morbidity and Mortality
    • Summary

    Chapter 5. Blood Lactate, Respiratory, and Heart Rate Markers on the Capacity for Sustained Exercise
    Carl Foster
    Holly M. Cotter
    • Relationship of Blood and Muscle Lactate
    • Practical Significance of the Anaerobic Threshold
    • Laboratory Approaches to Measurement
    • Laboratory Concerns With Aerobic and Anaerobic Thresholds
    • Summary

    Chapter 6. Testing for Anaerobic Ability
    Peter J. Maud
    Joseph M. Berning
    Carl Foster
    Holly M. Cotter
    Christopher Dodge
    Jos J. deKoning
    Floor J. Hettinga
    Joanne Lampen
    • Measurement of Peak and Mean Anaerobic Power
    • Performance-Based Peak Anaerobic Power Tests
    • Performance-Based Mean Anaerobic Power Tests
    • Testing Issues
    • Accumulated O2 Deficit
    • Summary

    Chapter 7. The Measurement of Human Mechanical Power
    Everett Harman
    • Quantitative Foundation of Power Testing
    • Testing Strategy and Test Results
    • Instrumentation
    • Specific Applications
    • Summary

    Chapter 8. Strength Testing: Development and Evaluation of Methodology
    William J. Kraemer
    Nicholas A. Ratamess
    Andrew C. Fry
    Duncan N. French
    • What Is Muscular Strength?
    • Why Is Measurement of Strength Important?
    • Physiological Adaptations Associated With Strength Training
    • Testing Modalities
    • Strength-Test Protocols for Repetition Maximums
    • Isometric Testing
    • Isokinetic Testing
    • Overview of Testing Considerations
    • Summary

    Chapter 9. Skeletal Muscle Structure and Function
    Michael McGuigan
    Matthew Sharman
    • Skeletal Muscle Structure and Function
    • Needle Muscle Biopsy
    • Processing Muscle Tissue
    • Measures of Tissue Capillary
    • Fiber Cross-Sectional Area
    • Protein Quantification Through Bradford or Lowry Methods
    • Immunohistochemistry for Steroid Receptor Analysis
    • Western Blotting for Steroid Receptor Analysis
    • Summary

    Chapter 10. The Utility of Near Infrared Spectrophotometry in Athletic Assessment
    Kenneth W. Rundell
    Joohee Im
    • NIRS Instrumentation
    • Principle of NIRS Measurement
    • Summary

    Chapter 11. Anthropometry and Body Composition Measurement
    Michael L. Pollock
    Jill A. Kanaley
    Linda Garzarella
    James E. Graves
    • Multicomponent Models
    • Hydrostatic Weighing
    • Air Displacement Plethysmography
    • Anthropometry
    • Bioelectric Impedance Analysis
    • Ultrasound
    • Dual-Energy Projection Methods
    • Isotopic Dilution
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography
    • Comparison Among Methods
    • Normative Data
    • Summary

    Chapter 12. Static Techniques for the Evaluation of Joint Range of Motion and Muscle Length
    Peter J. Maud
    Kate M. Kerr
    • Rationale for Measurement of Flexibility
    • Methods of Measurement
    • Trunk Range of Motion
    • Neck Range of Motion
    • Upper Limb Range of Motion
    • Lower Limb Range of Motion
    • Muscle Length Tests
    • Summary

    Chapter 13. Field Testing of Athletes
    Carl Foster
    Jack T. Daniels
    Jos J. deKoning
    Holly M. Cotter
    • General Principles for the Field Laboratory
    • Specific Field-Test Conditions and Consideration
    • Measurement of Hemodynamics in the Field
    • Measurement of Blood Lactate
    • Other Useful Items for Your Traveling Laboratory
    • Summary