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Postural Correction

Postural Correction


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    Postural Correction presents 30 of the most commonly occurring postural conditions in a comprehensive format, providing hands-on therapists and body workers the knowledge and resources to help clients address their malalignments. Focusing on treatment rather than assessment, it takes a direct approach and applies specific techniques to improve posture from an anatomical rather than aesthetic perspective.

    Primarily concerned with the lengthening of shortened tissues to help realign body parts, Postural Correction offers a collective approach to remedying malalignment. Techniques vary for each posture correction, including deep tissue massage, simple passive stretches, soft tissue release, common trigger points, and gentle limb traction. Because weak or poorly functioning muscles may contribute to postural problems, the text notes what muscles need to be strengthened and includes recommendations on techniques. Suggestions also are made for those postures that are difficult to correct with hands-on techniques, such as scoliosis, genu valgum (knock knees), and genu varum (bow legs).

    Recognizing that the work clients can carry out independently is a crucial component of long-term postural correction, this guide includes information on how clients can continue their therapy independently between or at the conclusion of their therapy sessions. Therapists can take these techniques and recommendations to advise, educate, and guide clients in their efforts. Much attention is paid to lifestyle, activities, and habitual use or resting of a body part that may have led to the initial pain and malalignment.

    Structured by anatomical regions of the body to make accessing information quick and easy, Postural Correction tackles postural concerns commonly affecting the spine; pelvis; upper limbs, including the shoulder and elbow; and lower limbs, including the hip, knee, ankle, and foot. Examples from various sports and demographics such as the elderly offer contextual and applied value. Descriptions avoid biomechanical jargon and instead focus on simple, clear explanations. Information is also included for when hands-on techniques are limited in correcting a particular posture.

    Special features make this book unique and useful:
    • Full-color anatomical illustrations and photographs present a clear visual of what will help bring about postural change.
    • Consistency with the other titles in the Hands-On Guides for Therapists series ensures that the manual therapies throughout this book are easily accessible.
    • An overview of each malalignment includes the muscles that are shortened or lengthened, notes about each posture, a bulleted list of ideas grouped according to whether these are carried out by the therapist or the client, and rationale for the suggested corrective techniques.
    • Concluding comments summarize the information for access at a glance.
    All body workers know that the human anatomy is interlinked, making it difficult to entirely separate any unique part of the musculoskeletal system from another. Yet at times that is necessary to get to the root of an issue. Postural Correction, a valuable adjunct to any joint-manipulative technique, will help professionals do both by correcting malalignments at a specific joint and with a more holistic approach.


    A resource for professional development and reference for certified and student massage therapists, soft tissue therapists, myofascial release practitioners, chiropractors, physiotherapists, sport therapists, osteopaths, strength and conditioning trainers, and instructors of yoga, Pilates, and general fitness seeking to develop and refine their work with clients across a range of postural defects and malalignments.

    Table of Contents

    Series Preface
    Part I. Getting Started With Postural Correction
    Chapter 1. Introduction to Postural Correction
    Causes of Postural Malalignment
    Consequences of Malalignment in the Body
    Who Might Benefit From Postural Correction
    Contraindications to and Cautions for Postural Correction
    Closing Remarks
    Chapter 2. Changing Posture
    Determining Start of Postural Correction
    Five Steps to Postural Correction
    Techniques for Postural Correction
    Gaining Rapport and Enhancing Engagement
    Referral to Another Practitioner
    Tailoring Your Treatments
    Closing Remarks
    Part II. Correcting the Spine
    Chapter 3. Cervical Spine
    Increased Lordosis
    Lateral Neck Flexion
    Forward Head Posture
    Rotation of the Head and Neck
    Closing Remarks
    Chapter 4. Thoracic Spine
    Rotated Thorax
    Closing Remarks
    Chapter 5. Lumbar Spine
    Increased Lordosis
    Decreased Lordosis
    Closing Remarks
    Chapter 6. Scoliosis
    Types of Scoliosis
    Closing Remarks
    Part III. Correcting the Pelvis and Lower Limb
    Chapter 7. Pelvis
    Anterior Pelvic Tilt
    Posterior Pelvic Tilt
    Pelvic Rotation
    Laterally Tilted Pelvis
    Closing Remarks
    Chapter 8. Lower Limb
    Internal Rotation of Hip
    Genu Recurvatum
    Genu Flexum
    Genu Varum
    Genu Valgum
    Tibial Torsion
    Pes Planus
    Pes Caves
    Pes Valgus
    Pes Varus
    Closing Remarks
    Part IV. Correcting the Shoulder and Upper Limb
    Chapter 9. Shoulder
    Protracted Scapula
    Internal Rotation of Humerus
    Winged Scapula
    Elevated Shoulder
    Closing Remarks
    Chapter 10. Elbow
    Flexed Elbow
    Hyperextended Elbow
    Closing Remarks
    About the Author

    About the Author

    Jane Johnson, MSc, is a chartered physiotherapist and sport massage therapist specializing in occupational health. In this role she spends much time assessing the posture of clients and examining whether work, sport, or recreational postures may be contributing to their symptoms. She devises postural correction plans that include both hands-on and hands-off techniques.

    Johnson has taught continuing professional development (CPD) workshops for many organizations both in the UK and abroad. This experience has brought her into contact with thousands of therapists of all disciplines and informed her own practice. She is passionate about supporting and inspiring newly qualified or less confident therapists so they feel more self-assured in their work.

    Johnson is a member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy and is registered with the Health Professions Council. A member of the Medico Legal Association of Chartered Physiotherapists, she provides expert witness reports on cases involving soft tissue therapies.

    In her spare time, Johnson enjoys taking her dog for long walks, sketching, and visiting museums. She resides in northeast England.


    “An ideal instruction reference for students, therapists, and the non-specialist reader with an interest in postural correction issues. “Postural Correction” is as informative and educational as it is thoroughly ‘user friendly’ in content, tone, organization and presentation. “Postural Correction” is very highly recommended for professional, community, and academic library Health/Medicine instructional reference collections.”

    --The Midwest Book Review

    “Therapists will use different techniques for different clients and this book helps guide them through the possibilities. It also helps therapists think outside the box and approach clients in a different way, if one technique is not working. The photographs are very helpful… Having a book like this will help therapists take the skills they already have and apply some new theory and techniques to help their clients. The book is written at an appropriate level, not going into too much scientific detail that might be beyond the needs of some massage therapists. Yet, it still challenges therapists to approach their treatments differently.”

    --Doody’s Book Review