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Research Methods in Physical Activity 7th Edition PDF

Research Methods in Physical Activity 7th Edition PDF

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    Research Methods in Physical Activity, Seventh Edition, systematically guides students through the research process, introducing methods and tools specifically for kinesiology and exercise science disciplines, including the subdisciplines of physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy. The seventh edition leads students and novice researchers to research competency with the distinctive humor that has become a trademark of this internationally recognized text.

    This text provides step-by-step information for every aspect of the research process, from identifying and devising research questions to analyzing data and compiling results for presentation. Methods for qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods research approaches are addressed, and real-world research questions—including historical, experimental, epidemiological, and philosophical—are presented by scholarly contributors who give suggestions for approaches to follow. Photos, anecdotes, and humorous stories are used throughout the text to put students at ease and emphasize key points through practical applications. Enhancements to the seventh edition include the following:

    • Updated information and techniques for electronic searches to ensure students use best research practices

    • New information on meta-analysis and the benefits of journal-style writing that teach readers to evaluate and prepare data for scholarly journals and publication

    • Special attention to ethical issues to help readers understand the regulations involved in using human and animal subjects

    • New information on logistic regression that aids in the understanding of complex ideas

    • Further explanation of qualitative and mixed-methods research approaches, in addition to quantitative approaches, to ensure readers use the most appropriate methodology for their research

    The content of the seventh edition maintains and expands upon the logical content progression that has made Research Methods in Physical Activity the leading text in the field.

    Part I presents an overview of the research process, including problem development, preparation of the research plan, and understanding ethical issues in research and writing. Part II introduces statistical and measurement issues in research, and part III presents various types of or approaches to research and methodology from expert researchers in the field. Part IV includes a writing guide for result findings and details how to develop and organize research papers and presentations. Statistical tables and guides are available in the appendix.

    To aid instructors, Research Methods in Physical Activity, Seventh Edition, includes a suite of ancillary materials featuring an instructor guide, test package, an extra data set for instructors who wish to create specialized learning activities, and presentation package plus image bank.

    Research Methods in Physical Activity, Seventh Edition, instills in students the confidence to devise, collect, analyze, and present their research in a competent manner by systematically guiding them through the research process. It is an essential text for all emerging researchers in physical activity.

    Table of Contents

    Part I: Overview of the Research Process

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Research in Physical Activity

    The Nature of Research

    Unscientific Versus Scientific Methods of Problem Solving

    Alternative Models of Research

    Types of Research

    Overview of the Research Process

    Parts of a Thesis: A Reflection on the Steps in the Research Process

    Summary

    Chapter 2. Developing the Problem and Using the Literature

    Identifying the Research Problem

    Purpose of the Literature Review

    Basic Literature Search Strategies

    Steps in the Literature Search

    Summary

    Chapter 3. Presenting the Problem

    Choosing the Title

    Writing the Introduction

    Stating the Research Problem

    Presenting the Research Hypothesis

    Operationally Defining Terms

    Basic Assumptions, Delimitations, and Limitations

    Justifying the Significance of the Study

    Differences Between the Thesis and the Research Article

    Summary

    Chapter 4. Formulating the Method

    How to Present Methodological Details

    Why Planning the Method Is Important

    Two Principles for Planning Experiments

    Describing Participants

    Describing Instruments

    Describing Procedures

    Describing Design and Analysis

    Establishing Cause and Effect

    Interaction of Participants, Measurements, and Treatments

    Summary

    Chapter 5. Ethical Issues in Research and Scholarship

    Seven Areas of Scientific Dishonesty

    Ethical Issues Regarding Copyright

    Model for Considering Scientific Misconduct

    Working With Faculty

    Protecting Human Participants

    Protecting Animal Subjects

    Summary

    Part II: Statistical and Measurement Concepts in Research

    Chapter 6. Becoming Acquainted With Statistical Concepts

    Why We Need Statistics

    Use of Computers in Statistical Analysis

    Description and Inference Are Not Statistical Techniques

    Ways to Select a Sample

    Justifying Post Hoc Explanations

    Difficulty of Random Sampling and Assignment: How Good Does It Have to Be?

    Unit of Analysis

    Measures of Central Tendency and Variability

    Basic Concepts of Statistical Techniques

    Data for Use in the Remaining Statistical Chapters

    Summary

    Chapter 7. Statistical Issues in Research Planning and Evaluation

    Probability

    Meaningfulness (Effect Size)

    Power

    Using Information in the Context of the Study

    Summary

    Chapter 8. Relationships Among Variables

    What Correlational Research Investigates

    Understanding the Nature of Correlation

    What the Coefficient of Correlation Means

    Using Correlation for Prediction

    Partial Correlation

    Uses of Semipartial Correlation

    Procedures for Multiple Regression

    Logistic Regression

    Discriminant Function AnalysisMultivariate Forms of Correlation

    Summary

    Chapter 9. Differences Among Groups

    How Statistics Test Differences

    Types of t Tests

    Interpreting t

    Relationship of t and r

    Analysis of Variance

    Analysis of Covariance

    Experimentwise Error Rate

    Understanding Multivariate Techniques

    Summary

    Chapter 10. Nonparametric Techniques

    Chi Square: Testing the Observed Versus the Expected

    Procedures for Rank-Order Data

    Correlation

    Differences Among Groups

    Summary

    Chapter 11. Measuring Research Variables

    Validity

    Reliability

    Methods of Establishing Reliability

    Intertester Reliability (Objectivity)

    Standard Error of Measurement

    Using Standard Scores to Compare Performance

    Measuring Movement

    Measuring Written Responses

    Measuring Affective Behavior

    Scales for Measuring Affective Behavior

    Measuring Knowledge

    Item Response Theory

    Summary

    Part III: Types of Research

    Chapter 12. Sociohistorical Process in Sport Studies

    David K. Wiggins and Daniel S. Mason

    Development of the Discipline Theory and Sport History

    Relationship Between Theory and Method

    Research Goals and Questions

    Research Topics

    Research Design

    Data Analysis and Interpretation

    Research Findings

    Exemplary Studies in Sport History

    Summary

    Chapter 13. Philosophical Research in Physical Activity

    R. Scott Kretchmar and Tim Elcombe

    Identifying the Purposes of Philosophical Research

    Identifying the Range of Philosophical Research

    Locating a Research Problem

    Analyzing a Research Problem

    Summary

    Chapter 14. Research Synthesis (Meta-Analysis)

    Using Meta-Analysis to Synthesize Research

    Presenting Effect Size Data

    Summary

    Chapter 15. Surveys

    Questionnaires

    Electronic Surveys

    Delphi Method

    Personal Interviews

    Normative Surveys

    Summary

    Chapter 16. Other Descriptive Research Methods

    Developmental Research

    Case Studies

    Job Analysis

    Observational Research

    Unobtrusive Research Techniques

    Correlational Research

    Summary

    Chapter 17. Physical Activity Epidemiology Research

    Barbara E. Ainsworth and Charles E. Matthews

    Observational Versus Experimental Research

    What Is Epidemiology?

    Physical Activity Measurement Definitions

    Assessment of Physical Activity

    Epidemiological Study Designs

    Reading and Interpreting a Physical Activity Epidemiological Study

    Summary

    Chapter 18. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research

    Sources of Invalidity

    Threats to Internal Validity

    Threats to External Validity

    Controlling Threats to Internal Validity

    Controlling Threats to External Validity

    Types of Designs

    Summary

    Chapter 19. Qualitative Research

    Procedures in Qualitative Research

    Analysis of the Data

    Concluding Remarks

    Summary

    Chapter 20. Mixed-Methods Research

    Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

    Designing Mixed-Methods Research

    Issues in Mixed-Methods Research

    Examples of Mixed-Methods Research

    Summary

    Part IV: Writing the Research Report

    Chapter 21. Completing the Research Process

    Research Proposal

    Thesis and Dissertation Proposal

    Advisor and Dissertation Committee

    The Good Scholar Must Research and Write

    Scientific Writing

    First Things Are Sometimes Best Done Last

    Developing a Good Introduction

    Describing the Method

    The Proposal Process

    Preparing and Presenting Qualitative Research Proposals

    Writing Proposals for Granting Agencies

    Submitting Internal Proposals

    Completing Your Thesis or Dissertation

    Results and Discussion

    Handling Multiple Experiments in a Single Report

    Using Tables and Figures

    Summary

    Chapter 22. Ways of Reporting Research

    Basic Writing Guidelines

    A Brief Word About Acknowledgments

    Thesis and Dissertation Format: Traditional Versus Journal

    Helpful Hints for Successful Journal Writing

    Revising Research Papers

    Writing Abstracts

    Making Oral and Poster Presentations

    Summary

    About the Author

    Jerry R. Thomas, EdD, is professor and dean of the College of Education at the University of North Texas. Besides writing the previous editions of this book, Thomas has authored more than 200 publications, 120 of which are refereed publications with numerous contributions in research methods. In 1999 he was named the C.H. McCloy Lecturer for his production of research throughout his career. Thomas has been editor in chief of Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport and a reviewer for most major research journals in kinesiology and numerous journals in psychology. He has also served as president of the National Academy of Kinesiology, American Kinesiology Association, AAHPERD Research Consortium, and North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity. In 1990 he was named an AAHPERD Alliance Scholar and in 2003 was named a NASPSPA Distinguished Scholar based on lifetime achievement in research. Thomas received an honorary doctorate of science from his undergraduate institution, Furman University, in the spring of 2015.

    Jack K. Nelson, EdD, is professor emeritus in the department of kinesiology at Louisiana State University. Nelson conducted and published research and taught research methods for 35 years. He has been an adviser on more than 50 doctoral dissertations and more than 50 master’s theses. He has more than 80 publications and has served as editor of research publications. A fellow in the Research Consortium, he has been a member of AAHPERD, the American Educational Research Association, and the American College of Sports Medicine. He has also served as president of the Association for Research, Administration, Professional Councils and Societies (now AAALF) and as vice president of AAHPERD.

    Stephen Silverman, EdD, has taught and written about research methods for more than 30 years. He is a professor of education at Teachers College at Columbia University and has conducted research on teaching in physical education focusing on how children learn motor skill and develop attitudes. He has published more than 75 research articles in addition to many books and book chapters. Silverman is a fellow and past president of the National Academy of Kinesiology and the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD) Research Consortium and a fellow of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). A former coeditor of the Journal of Teaching in Physical Education and editor in chief of the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Silverman was an AERA Physical Education scholar lecturer, a Research Consortium scholar lecturer, and Weiss lecturer and Alliance Scholar for AAHPERD.

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are free to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/ResearchMethodsInPhysicalActivity

    Instructor guide. Includes chapter overviews, sample course syllabi, supplemental class activities, a supplemental data set, and student handouts.

    Test package. Includes 302 questions in multiple-choice and essay formats. The test package is available as a rich text file, through Respondus software that allows instructors to create their own tests by selecting from the question pool, or for use through a learning management system such as Blackboard or Moodle.

    Presentation package plus image bank. The presentation package includes 332 slides of lecture notes for instructor use that can be edited, rearranged, and distributed in class. An image bank with most of the artwork, tables, and examples from the text is also available for incorporation into class notes, lectures, and slides. The images are sorted by chapter and can be used and customized based on specific course requirements.

    The presentation package plus image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4925-0614-0