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Sport Nutrition-2nd Edition

Sport Nutrition-2nd Edition


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    The new edition of Sport Nutrition: An Introduction to Energy Production and Performance presents the principles, background, and rationale for current nutrition guidelines specifically for athletes. Using a physiological basis, this text provides an in-depth look at the science behind sport nutrition. Students will come away with a comprehensive understanding of nutrition as it relates to sport and the influence of nutrition on exercise performance, training, and recovery.

    The chapters and the material within each chapter are sequenced in a logical order that will help instructors deliver a better course and spend less time in preparing lectures and tutorials. Instructors will also enjoy the completely new ancillaries with this edition, including an online instructor guide, test package, PowerPoint presentation package, and image bank. This text contains updated and expanded information to keep students current on the latest findings in sport nutrition:

    • A new chapter on training adaptations, including effects of nutrition on overtraining
    • New information on weight management and body composition for athletes
    • New research on carbohydrate and new recommendations for carbohydrate intake during training
    • An expanded discussion on the role of protein in strength and endurance exercise training
    • The latest information on exercise, nutrition, and immune function

    The new content complements the strong foundational information that the authors provided in the previous edition, including fuel sources for muscle and exercise metabolism, energy requirements for various sports, and a complete grounding in the macronutrients (carbohydrate, fat, and protein) and the micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). With more than 200 illustrations, new highlight boxes, and tables and sidebars throughout the text, students will be able to more easily grasp the scientific concepts presented in this text. Each chapter also includes learning objectives, key terms, and key points to help readers retain the information. The text presents not only nutrition principles but also the exercise biochemistry involved and the energy needs of athletes. Readers will better understand how supplements may be used in an athlete’s diet, and they will learn how to separate fact from fallacy regarding the claims of the numerous nutritional supplements available today.

    More than a simple prescription of recommendations, this second edition of Sport Nutrition features a unique presentation that facilitates readers’ understanding of the science supporting the nutrition recommendations. As a result, students will be prepared for advanced study and future careers, and professionals will gain the knowledge and confidence to provide sound advice to athletes.


    Text for undergraduate introductory sport nutrition, exercise physiology, and sport science courses. Reference for sport nutritionists, dietitians, exercise and sport scientists, health and fitness instructors, physical educators, and coaches.

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Nutrients
    Function of Nutrients
    Vitamins, Minerals, and Trace Elements

    Chapter 2. Nutrients and Recommended Intakes
    Essential Nutrients
    Development of Recommended Intakes
    Current Recommended Intakes
    Practical Guidelines for a Balanced Healthy Diet
    Food Labels
    Analyzing Dietary Intake

    Chapter 3. Fuel Sources for Muscle and Exercise Metabolism
    Subcellular Skeletal Muscle Structure
    Force Generation in Skeletal Muscle
    Fiber Types
    Energy for Muscle Force Generation
    Fuel Stores in Skeletal Muscle
    Regulation of Energy Metabolism
    Metabolic Responses to Exercise
    Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise Training

    Chapter 4. Energy
    Energetic Efficiency
    Measuring the Energy Content of Food
    Measuring Energy Expenditure
    Components of Energy Expenditure
    Energy Balance

    Chapter 5. Gastric Emptying, Digestion, and Absorption
    Anatomy of the Gastrointestinal Tract
    Regulation of the Gastrointestinal Tract
    Function of Bacteria in the Colon
    Regulation of Gastric Emptying
    Gastrointestinal Problems During and After Exercise

    Chapter 6. Carbohydrate
    Role of Carbohydrate
    Recommendations for Carbohydrate Intake
    Carbohydrate Intake Days Before Competition
    Carbohydrate Intake Hours Before Exercise
    Carbohydrate Intake 30 to 60 Minutes Before Exercise
    Carbohydrate During Exercise
    Carbohydrate After Exercise

    Chapter 7. Fat
    Fat Metabolism During Exercise
    Limits to Fat Oxidation
    Fat as a Fuel During Exercise
    Regulation of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism
    Fat Supplementation and Exercise
    Effect of Diet on Fat Metabolism and Performance

    Chapter 8. Protein and Amino Acids
    Amino Acids
    Techniques to Study Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism
    Protein Requirements for Exercise
    Training and Protein Metabolism
    Effect of Protein Intake on Protein Synthesis
    Amino Acids as Ergogenic Aids
    Protein Intake and Health Risks

    Chapter 9. Water Requirements and Fluid Balance
    Thermoregulation and Exercise in the Heat
    Effects of Dehydration on Exercise Performance
    Mechanisms of Heat Illness
    Effects of Fluid Intake on Exercise Performance
    Daily Water Balance
    Fluid Requirements for Athletes

    Chapter 10. Vitamins and Minerals
    Water-Soluble and Fat-Soluble Vitamins
    Recommended Intakes of Vitamins
    Macrominerals and Microminerals
    Recommended Intakes of Minerals
    Critical Micronutrient Functions
    Assessing Micronutrient Status
    Exercise and Micronutrient Requirements
    Ergogenic Effect of Micronutrient Supplementation
    Recommendations for Micronutrient Intake in Athletes

    Chapter 11. Nutrition Supplements
    Nonregulation of Nutrition Supplements
    Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Supplements Studies
    Bee Pollen
    Beta Alanine and Carnosine
    Beta-Hydroxy Beta Methylbutyrate
    Coenzyme Q10
    Fish Oil
    Lactate Salts and Polylactate
    Medium-Chain Triacylglycerol
    Pangamic Acid
    Pyruvate (and Dihydroxyacetone)
    Sodium Bicarbonate
    Sodium Citrate
    Wheat Germ Oil
    Contamination of Nutrition Supplements

    Chapter 12. Nutrition and Training Adaptations
    Training Adaptations
    Signal Transduction Pathways
    Starting a Signaling Cascade
    Secondary Signals
    Nutrition Effects on Training Adaptations

    Chapter 13. Body Composition
    Optimal Body Weight and Composition
    Body Composition Models
    Normal Ranges of Body Weight and Body Fat

    Chapter 14. Weight Management
    Body Weight and Composition in Different Sports
    Energy and Macronutrient Intake
    Regulation of Appetite
    Effect of Exercise on Appetite
    Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure
    Dietary Weight-Loss Methods
    Exercise for Weight Loss
    Decreased Resting Metabolic Rate With Weight Loss
    Weight Cycling
    Gender Differences in Weight Loss
    Practicalities of Weight Loss for Athletes
    Defining the Strategy

    Chapter 15. Eating Disorders in Athletes
    Types of Eating Disorders
    Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Athletes
    Risk Factors
    Effects of Eating Disorders on Sports Performance
    Effects of Eating Disorders on the Athlete’s Health
    Treatment and Prevention of Eating Disorders

    Chapter 16. Nutrition and Immune Function in Athletes
    Functions of the Immune System and Its Cellular Components
    General Mechanism of the Immune Response
    Effects of Exercise on the Immune System
    Nutritional Manipulations to Decrease Immunodepression in Athletes
    Mechanisms of Nutritional Influences on Immune Function in Athletes
    Conclusions and Recommendations

    Appendix A. Key Concepts in Biological Chemistry Relevant to Sport Nutrition
    Appendix B. Unit Conversion Tables
    Appendix C. Recommended Daily Allowances for North America
    Appendix D. Reference Nutrient Intakes for the United Kingdom
    Appendix E. Recommended Dietary Intakes for Australia

    About the Author

    Asker Jeukendrup, PhD, is a professor of exercise metabolism in the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at the University of Birmingham in Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. He is an active researcher credited with many of the new findings in sport nutrition in the past decade. He is a registered sport and exercise nutritionist, having worked with many elite athletes and clubs, including the professional cycling team Rabobank, the Chelsea Football Club, UK Athletics, the British Olympic Association, African runners, and several Olympic and world champions.


    Jeukendrup has published extensively in sport nutrition and was an invited delegate to the IOC Consensus Conference on Sports Nutrition in Lausanne in 2003. He is a fellow of the AmericanCollege of Sports Medicine and the EuropeanCollege of Sport Sciences, the Physiological Society, the Nutrition Society, BASES, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the American Diabetic Association. He is also the editor of the European Journal of Sport Sciences. In his leisure time, he enjoys running, cycling, and competing in triathlons. He has completed more than 17 Ironman-distance races, including the Ironman Hawaii four times.


    Michael Gleeson, PhD, is a professor of exercise biochemistry in the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences at LoughboroughUniversity in Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK. Gleeson is an active researcher in sport nutrition and has worked with numerous world-class athletes and professional football clubs. He has taught sport nutrition at the university level and has published extensively in scientific and medical journals. He also was an invited delegate to the IOC Consensus Conference on Sports Nutrition in Lausanne in 2003. He has a particular interest and expertise in the effects of exercise, training, and nutrition on immune function and has been both vice president and president of the International Society of Exercise and Immunology.


    Gleeson is also a fellow of the EuropeanCollege of Sport Sciences and a member of the AmericanCollege of Sports Medicine, the Physiological Society, and the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. He enjoys playing tennis, hill walking, and watching football and films.


    Ancillary materials for this text are FREE to course adopters and available online at

    Instructor guide. This ancillary contains a course description and schedule, chapter objectives, class formats for each chapter, lecture outlines, key points for lectures, student assignments, recommended readings, and lab activities. Data collection sheets and resources for the lab activities are also provided.

    Test package. Available through Respondus or in .rtf format, the test package includes approximately 640 true-or-false and multiple-choice questions. With Respondus, instructors can create versions of their own tests by selecting from the question pool, select their own test forms and save them for later editing or printing, and export the tests into a word-processing program.

    Image bank. The image bank includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter, that can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-0-7360-8716-2.