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Vision and Goal-Directed Movement PDF

Vision and Goal-Directed Movement PDF

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    Vision and Goal-Directed Movement: Neurobehavioral Perspectives is also available as an e-book. The e-book is available at a reduced price and allows readers to highlight and take notes throughout the text. When purchased through the Human Kinetics Web site, access to the e-book is immediately granted when the order is received.

    To interact with the environment, an individual must code, store, and translate spatial information into the appropriate motor commands for achieving an outcome. Working from this premise, Vision and Goal-Directed Movement: Neurobehavioral Perspectives discusses how visual perception, attention, and memory are linked to the processes of movement preparation and execution.

    With contributions from active researchers in movement science, Vision and Goal-Directed Movement presents the latest theories on the utilization of vision in goal-directed movement control. As a resource for motor control and motor learning researchers, students, educators, and clinicians, Vision and Goal-Directed Movement offers the following:

    • Comprehensive coverage of current behavior-based literature on the visual control of goal-directed movement

    • A systematic explication of the sensory and physiological processes and systems responsible for fast, accurate, and efficient performance

    • A solid foundation for further study of the sensory and neural systems responsible for precise goal-directed behavior

    • A discussion of how current research on vision and goal-directed movement can assist in creating efficient and safe work environments

    Using research informed by neural imaging and magnetic brain stimulation, this text provides readers with a better understanding of the neural foundations for goal-directed movement, illustrates the flexibility of the human visuomotor system, and discusses how regulation of movements depends on the learning and developmental history of the performer. It begins by reviewing the works of R.S. Woodworth and the influence of his theories on current research. The majority of the chapters in the first section of the book take a behavioral and process-oriented approach to exploring goal-directed movement. The text then explores the sensory and neural foundations for goal-directed action, including issues related to both pursuit and saccadic eye movements as well as discussion of the specialization of various cortical systems for the regulation of movement. Especially relevant to professionals and scientists concerned with skill instruction and rehabilitation, the final part of the text provides a review of recent research on how and why limb control changes occur with practice and development. In addition, Vision and Goal-Directed Movement considers how the research presented can maximize precision, efficiency, and safety in workspace design.

    Vision and Goal-Directed Movement: Neurobehavioral Perspectives adds a unique offering to the literature base for motor behavior, demonstrating how advances in both behavioral and neurophysiological methods can inform theories related to the biological systems contributing to skilled performance.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. A Behavioral Approach to Vision and Goal-Directed Movement

     

    Chapter 1. The Legacy of R.S. Woodworth: The Two Component Model Revisited Digby Elliott, Steve Hansen, and Lawrence E.M. Grierson

    The Early Two-Component Model

    Alternative Explanations of Speed–Accuracy Relationships

    The Optimized Submovement Model

    Kinematic Evidence for Current Control

    How Ballistic Is the Initial Adjustment?

    Two Types of Current Control

    The Two-Component Model Revisited

    Future Directions

     

    Chapter 2. The Optimization of Speed, Accuracy and Energy in Goal-Directed Aiming Digby Elliott, Steve Hansen, and Michael A. Khan

    Practice and Goal-Directed Aiming

    Individual Aiming Trajectories

    Within-Performer Spatial Variability

    Do Early Events Predict Late Events?

    Lessons From the Serial Reaction Time Literature

    Optimizing Energy Expenditure and the Cost of an Error

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 3. Visual Selective Attention and Action

    Timothy N. Welsh and Daniel J. Weeks

     Attention

    Action-Centered Selective Attention

    Summary and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 4. Vision and Movement Planning

    J. Greg Anson, Rachel Burgess, and Rebekah L. Scott

    Two Visual Systems

    Vision and Movement Planning: Behavioral Perspectives

    Vision and Movement Planning in Nonhuman Primates

    Vision, Movement Planning, and Memory

    Memory-Guided Reaching

    Memory Mechanisms and Planning

    Precuing, Memory, and Movement Planning

    Summary and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 5. Memory-Guided Reaching: What the Visuomotor System Knows and How Long It Knows It

    Matthew Heath, Kristina A. Neely, Olav Krigolson, and Gordon Binsted

    The Temporal Durability of Stored Target Information

    Visual Awareness and the Evocation of Visually Guided and Memory-Guided Reaches

    Visual Coordinates or a Fully Specified Movement Plan

    Memory-Guided Reaches and the Relationship Between End-Point Error and Corticomotor Potentials

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 6. The Preparation and Control of Multiple-Target Aiming Movements

    Michael A. Khan, Werner F. Helsen, and Ian M. Franks

    The Influence of Response Complexity on Reaction Time

    Online Programming Hypothesis

    Movement Integration

    Planning and Movement Integration

    Future Directions

     

    Chapter 7. Rapid Regulation of Limb Trajectories: Response to Perturbation

    Steve Hansen, Lawrence E.M. Grierson, Michael A. Khan, and Digby Elliott

    Visual Occlusion

    Physically Changing the Target

    Visual Illusions

    Changing the Visual Context

    Deceiving the Control Processes

    Online Perturbations

    Manipulating Certainty of the Visual Environment

    Future Directions

     

    Chapter 8. Visual Field Asymmetries in the Control of Target-Directed Movements

    Michael A. Khan and Gordon Binsted

    Peripheral Vision Versus Central Vision

    Upper Visual Field Versus Lower Visual Field

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Part II. Sensory and Neural Systems for Vision and Action

     

    Chapter 9. Prediction in Ocular Pursuit

    Simon J. Bennett and Graham R. Barnes

    Gaze-Orienting Eye Movements

    Prediction in Ocular Pursuit

    Anticipatory Smooth Pursuit Onset

    Anticipatory Smooth Pursuit During Transient Occlusion

    Predictive Smooth Pursuit During Transient Occlusion

    Coordination Between Smooth Pursuit and Saccades

    Model of Ocular Pursuit

    Neural Pathways for Ocular Pursuit

    Neural Pathways for Ocular Pursuit During Transient Occlusion

    Pursuit Against a Background: Suppression of the Optokinetic Reflex

    Oculomanual Pursuit

    Summary and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 10. Oculomotor Contributions to Reaching: Close Is Good Enough

    Gordon Binsted, Kyle Brownell, Tyler Rolheiser, and Matthew Heath

    Common Anatomies, Divergent Functions

    Eye–Hand Coupling Behavior

    Frames of Reference Hypothesis

    Common Command Hypothesis

    Afferent Information Hypothesis

    Strategy Hypothesis

    Conclusions: Close Is Good Enough

    Future Directions

     

    Chapter 11. Eye–Hand Coordination in Goal-Directed Action: Normal and Pathological Functioning

    Werner F. Helsen, Peter Feys, Elke Heremans, and Ann Lavrysen

    Retinal Versus Extraretinal Information

    Visuomotor Control in Normal Functioning

    Summary of Visuomotor Control in Normal Functioning

    Visuomotor Control in Cerebellar Pathology

    Summary of Visuomotor Control in Cerebellar Pathology

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 12. Lateralization of Goal-Directed Movement

    Robert L. Sainburg

    Neural Lateralization

    Motor Lateralization

    Biological Correlates of Handedness

    Neurobehavioral Processes Lateralized in Handedness

    Conclusions

    Future Directions

     

    Chapter 13. Visual Illusions and Action

    David A. Westwood

    Historical Context: Perception and Action

    Visual Illusions as a Tool for Studying Perception and Action in the Intact Brain

    Illusions and Action: Emerging Themes and Issues

    Future Directions

     

    Chapter 14. Two Visual Streams: Neuropsychological Evidence

    David P. Carey

    Two Visual Pathways in the Cerebral Cortex

    Early Arguments Against the Milner and Goodale Account

    Double Dissociations in Perception and Action

    Later Controversies: Diagnosing Optic Ataxia

    Summary and Future Directions

     

    Part III. Learning, Development, and Application

     

    Chapter 15. Visual Information in the Acquisition of Goal-Directed Action

    Luc Tremblay

    Background

    Utilization of Multisensory Information

    Attention and Performance

    Individual Differences in Utilization of Sensory Information

    Modulating the Utilization of Sensory Information Does Not Require Physical Practice

    Utilization of Sensory Information as a Function of Practice

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 16. Early Development of the Use of Visual Information for Action and Perception

    Margot van Wermeskerken, John van der Kamp, and Geert J.P. Savelsbergh

    Ecological Approach to Perception

    Two Visual Systems

    Development of the Use of Visual Information for Action and Perception in Infancy

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 17. Motor Learning Through Observation

    Dana Maslovat, Spencer Hayes, Robert R. Horn, and Nicola J. Hodges

    Cognitive Mediated Learning

    Visuomotor Coupling and Direct Learning

    Visual Perception Perspective

    Task Characteristics

    Conclusions and Future Directions

     

    Chapter 18. Optimizing Performance Through Work Space Design

    James L. Lyons

    A Little History

    Human–Machine System

    Newer Issues and Future Directions

    About the Editor

    Digby Elliott, PhD, is a professor of motor control and behavioral neuroscience in the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at Liverpool John Moores University (Liverpool, United Kingdom). Previously, he was the Canada research chair in motor control and special populations at McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario), where he was also a professor emeritus. He has served aspresident of the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (SCAPPS) and as president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA).

    Elliott has over 30 years of research experience in the area of motor control with over 200 peer-reviewed articles in publication. He has held visiting professorships at universities throughout the world, most recently at the University of Otago in New Zealand as a William Evans scholar in 2000 and at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium as a senior research fellow in 1999. Elliott was awarded the Wood Award for Research Excellence in 2000 from the Down Syndrome Research Foundation.

    Elliott and his wife, Elaine, reside in Bancroft, Ontario. In his free time, he enjoys hiking, snorkeling, and playing with his seven grandchildren.

    Michael Khan, PhD, is a professor of motor control and learning and head of the School of Sport, Health, and Exercise Sciences at BangorUniversity in Wales, United Kingdom.

    He has more than 15 years of research experience in the area of motor control. Collaborating with researchers in the United Kingdom, Europe, and North America, Khan has focused his research on the investigation of cognitive processes underlying movement control. He has published more than 30 peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and conference proceedings. Khan has presented his research as an invited lecturer in the United Kingdom, Europe, North America, and the Caribbean.

    A sport enthusiast, especially in West Indian cricket, Kahn also enjoys playing and coaching squash. He was a former top national squash player for Trinidad and Tobago and is currently very active as a coach at the junior level. He and his wife, Martha, reside at Tregarth in Gwynedd, Wales.